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Communications over the world wide doesnt depend on sytax or eloquence or rethoric or articulation but on the emotional context in which the message is being heard.
People can only hear you when they are moving toward you and they are not likely to when your wordss are pursuing them
Even the choices words lose their powe when they are used to overpower.
Attitudes are the real figures of speech '-Friedman

Monday, November 10, 2014

Corruption how to face the power and politics


Corruption has a devastating effect on poor people - especially corruption in the public service. Corruption costs the government millions every year, money that could have been spent on delivering services. Corruption also means that some people get an unfair advantage because they can afford to bribe officials to do them special favours. Where resources are scarce and many people need those resources, corruption can often set in.

Here are a few definitions and examples of different forms of corruption:
  • Bribery: Taking money to give people preferential treatment. Example: officials accepting bribes to move people up on the housing waiting list.
  • Embezzlement: Stealing money or resources that are supposed to be under your control. Example: using public money to buy personal goods like a car/airline ticket.
  • Fraud: Making false claims for benefits. Example: applying for false social grants and pocketing the money. 
  • Extortion: When a public official forces someone to give them benefits in exchange for acting/ not acting in a particular way. Example: police officers taking money from criminals to lose their case evidence.
  • Abuse of power: Using one’s power or position of authority to improperly benefit or discriminate against another person. Example: a teacher asks for sexual favours in return for passing a student.
  • Abuse of privileged information: Using information you have access to because of your job to benefit someone who can make money from it. Example: you know government wants some vacant land for a new housing development and you tell a friend to buy the land so that they can sell it at a huge profit.
  • Favouritism: Unfairly providing services or resources to friends. Example: a head of department makes sure that all her friends in the department go overseas with her on official trips.
  • Nepotism: Giving jobs or services unfairly to family members. Example: giving a contract for training to a company owned by your spouse without going through the proper procurement procedures.
Anti-corruption strategy
Government has developed an Anti-Corruption Strategy that tries to deal with corruption in a holistic way. This includes, amongst others:
    • Stronger rules and procedures to stop nepotism, favouritism and the awarding of contracts to people who do not deserve it.
    • A toll-free anti-corruption hotline (0800 ......) where incidents of corruption can be reported anonymously 
    • Financial audits
    • Investigating units like the Special Investigations Unit (SIU) to root out corruption in the pubic sector
    • Laws and processes to protect people who report others (‘whistle-blowers’)
    • Training for all public servants on code of conduct, ethics and corruption
    • Prosecution of all offenders and blacklisting of people who have been found guilty
Ethics can be defined as the moral values of human conduct and the rules that govern the way we should behave. Each profession has its own ethics that define the correct way of behaving. For example the fact that doctors should always respect confidentiality is part of medical ethics.
We have dealt with corruption and the ethics involved, but there are many other kinds of ethical behaviour that apply to all workplaces – for example not sexually harassing a colleague and not being rude or abusive to colleagues. Since ethics are about moral behaviour they cover the whole range of our actions at work. .

Managers have a key role to play in prevention, detection, investigation and the resolution of fraud and corruption. The final responsibility and accountability for fraud and corruption can never be delegated, but line managers can make use of expert advice and help from others such as internal auditors and legal advisers. Managers are also the role models for ethical behaviour and have to deal firmly with unethical behaviours among their staff.
Managers must:
    • Establish and maintain an ethical culture in their management units
    • Assess the risk of fraud and corruption in their area of work
    • Put in place policies, strategies, processes and procedures to prevent possible fraud and corruption
    • Put the necessary controls in place to ensure compliance with these policies, strategies, processes and procedures

Wednesday, August 27, 2014

Employment trends and challenges



The labour market is an active and changeable place:
Changes to the population and the work force have forced employment trends in ways that would have been difficult to predict. 
Some of the employment trends witnessed throughout the years are diverse workplaces usually attributed to generational differences as well as racial, ethnic and national origin diversity. 

In addition, technology that enables workers to choose where, when and how they want to work is rapidly changing. There are also occupations and career areas experts predict will outpace the available work force due to the significant demand, shortages and growth for professionals in certain fields.

One of the most obvious employment trends is the multi-generational workforce. Four generations in the work force range from traditionalist, baby boomer, Generation X and Generation Y. 
These generations represent different values, work styles, commitment levels and methods of feedback. Managers are slowly beginning to take notice of this trend, which will continue for many years to come. 

The Center for Innovative Public Policies, Inc. reports that companies ; sensitive to generational relevance throughout the workplace are therefore more likely to build a collaborative and productive environment--where employees can not only fulfill their individual potential, but also cooperatively combine their efforts in pursuit of mutual goals.

Technology Trends
Technological and scientific discoveries are products of the best and brightest engineers of this time who are cognizant of the need to produce results faster, with greater sophistication and across global boundaries. Specifically, technology shapes employment trends such as telework, virtual offices, telecommuting and flexible work schedules. 
Without this type of technology available, the workplace would be reminiscent of that decades ago. Live, face-to-face meetings have been replaced with video conferencing, work groups assemble in virtual fashion instead of in a war room to exchange ideas or prepare for trial. Telecommuters work from home at least part of their time, using secure connections to their company’s intranet.

Replacing other industries in the labor market landscape, health care has become the primary U.S. job sector in the 21st century. Also, with the growth in the aging population of the U.S., there will be an increased demand on health services.
" There is a shortage of nurses, as well as faculty at nursing schools. The duality of these shortages are crippling hospitals that depend on professional nurses, and schools that are dependent on student fees and tuition in order to survive. This means students who aspired to launch their career in nursing are being turned away from schools because of the double-edged shortage.

Ruth Mayhew began writing in 1985. Her work appears in "The Multi-Generational Workforce in the Health Care Industry" and "Human Resources Managers Appraisal Schemes." Mayhew earned senior professional human resources certification from the Human Resources Certification Institute and holds a Master of Arts in sociology from the University of Missouri-Kansas City.

 How to Develop Successful Employees
Employers may feel they need to hire experienced workers in order to have successful employees. However, an employer may hire inexperienced or young workers and train them to be successful employees who are assets to the business. Employee success is often directly related to managerial decisions, training, communication and other aspects of operations.

Invest in training your employees. Employee training leads to improved employee productivity. Employers with successful employees know the theory that well-trained employees will seek work elsewhere is untrue. Trained employees are less likely to leave their jobs. They understand their jobs, are more efficient and more successful. Take the time to train employees to do a good job.

Schedule employee evaluations once or twice per year. Evaluations facilitate communication between the employee and the employer. Listen to and answer employee questions during an evaluation. Remember to give both positive feedback and constructive criticism during the evaluation. Offer examples of ways to improve when giving criticism. For example, do not only say, "You need to improve." Instead say, "You need to improve by arriving to work on time." This type of feedback develops successful employees.

Foster teamwork among your employees. People bring a variety of skills into the workplace, and encouraging employees to work together may increase efficiency. Teamwork breaks up tasks at hand, fosters a cooperative work environment and helps develop successful employees.

About the Author
Samantha Hanly is an organic vegetable gardener, greenhouse gardener and home canner. She grows a substantial portion of her family's food every year. After receiving her bachelor's degree, Hanly embarked on a career teaching dramatic arts, arts and crafts, and languages. She became a professional writer in 2000, writing curricula for use in classrooms and libraries.


Friday, May 30, 2014

Corruption, causes, consequences how to stop





Which are the main issues needs, expectations for social class in Argentina ¿?
Much has been said about , published , but the point is What really people need in general under this atmosphere mixed of reality and out of reach by a living life .
First of all , we are almost agree  comparing to other ages about the role of Corruption. How a Political Party , a Goverment can build something without considering the damage of this dangerous sympthom .
Corruption is not a  new Word , it is considered in the agenda of many goverments , companies along the history . But because of this , it has been naturalized  as  it  has been accepted as part of negotiations , as a way to do/grow business private an public , it becomes a really  need –It is the price  to pay , to be part of the system. --

Corruptionwhich is an important component of what is now called governanceis extremely inimical to economic growth and development . It leads to misallocation of resources, distorts labor markets, discourages investments, and alters income distribution. The myth that corruption helps markets bygreasing the wheels of commerce has been proven false. While it is true that a bribe may speed up one transaction, it creates incentives for more and higher bribes in previously bribe-free activities. In a remarkable study of bribery, Robert Wade (1985) shows that once bribes are introduced, bureaucracies redirect their attention from providing services to the public to maximizing bureaucrats illicit incomes.


Corruption is the root cause of all the evils, It is the only stumbling block in the way of the country becoming a superpower. It is the only and the ultimate reason why lakhs of poor people die without medicines and without proper treatment, why thousands die because of  hungry , violence and why millions remain uneducated, leading a life of misery and wretchedness. It is all because public money is looted directly or indirectly by those in positions of influence. All the right thinking citizens should unite and wage a war against this cancer of corruption

Corruption is a wake term to use per vision of accepting bribes, money, or just anything, called as corruption which is not normally acceptable by the society
Corruption can be stopped almost in its entirety.
Is "almost" not good enough?
Most people are taught honesty of a sort but if one grows up in a world where they must
really fight for what they need, then honesty and morals become teaching a child how to get what
they need to survive. That trumps honesty and morals. In fact, it would be dishonest and immoral to oneself
to not get what one needs to survive. In fact, survival is not an immoral endeavor although there are those who wish to make it so and keep it that way because they hold most of the cards needed to win over others.

Corruption does not affect all members of a society equally. The poor suffer relatively more from corruption in two ways. First, bribe payments may represent a higher percentage of their income than similar payments by the rich. In this sense, corruption acts as a regressive taxlower-income households carry a larger burden than higher-income ones. Second, corruption causes the delivery of public services, for example, health care and education, to deteriorate. Such a deterioration affects the poor more than the rich first, because they may have to pay a bribe to receive the services and second, because they depend more on such services. Corruption may also allow the rich to pay fewer taxes than required by law. This lowers the revenues of the state, further deteriorating the ability of the state to provide services for the poor. Studies confirm that corruption causes income distribution to worsen


Want to stop corruption? Get rid of the reasons for corruption. Get rid of the causes or reasons for committing crimes.
It isn't human nature to be criminal, corrupt, greedy, selfish and the kinds of elements we see in those who commit crimes.
Those are all different responses one can make and does make in the environment in which they live and which they appraise as to whether or not it is a friendly, supportive environment and will provide what they need to live.
If not, they will respond differently and how they respond is what is correct for them.
Let's eliminate the reasons for corruption.
People continually want "fair, just, honest, ethical" leaders which they will never get because the system is a corrupt and unjust system, by default, and cannot be fixed, meaning it can not be made just.
It has to be completely dismantled and a new and just system put into its place. If it has reasons to be corrupt it has to go until a just one is figured out and implemented. If there are no reasons to be dishonest, then there is no dishonesty because there is nothing to gain from it. Corruption and its other features only happens when there is something to gain.
The reason and cause is money. Get rid of money.
If you can't think that way, or imagine that, then start thinking that way until you find yourself finally crossing over and imagining a new world that is minus corruption. Build it.


How to build it : Education -Employment - Healthcare  they are the basis - and adjusting ,improving to the new and different ways of DEVELOPMENT & KNOWLEDGE - 


FIGHTING CORRUPTION

Recognizing that corruption is a serious obstacle to fighting poverty, many international and nongovernmental organizations since the latter half of the 1990s have been leading the fight to reduce corruption around the world. This fight focuses on three areas: civil societies in which the public plays a key role, a top-down commitment from the political leadership to fight corruption, and a proactive private sector that accepts its social responsibility to operate in a corruption-free manner. Countries that belong to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development have accepted their responsibility in this fight by passing antibribery laws that prohibit their firms from paying bribes in other countries. These laws, however, are rarely strictly enforced.
It is difficult to assess the impact of global efforts to fight corruption. Stories of success tend to be anecdotal. If the ratings of TI are any indication, it will take several years before this fight has a significant impact on the extent of corruption around the world.
Other views and perspectives : Corruption by keeping the Poverty  - Corruption of the wealth and power - Meanwhile many can work out and sort all the barriers of nowdays .

Friday, February 7, 2014

Sony Cuts 5,000 Jobs as it Exits the Computer Business



Sony vende su línea de PC.


Sony will cut 5,000 jobs, spin off its TV division and exit the computer business completely in a wide-ranging restructuring plan which is seeking to streamline the company.
Sony is a giant of the technology industry but with fingers in many pies (audio, video, camera, smartphone, TV, gaming, music, television, film) it was always an unwieldy beast to manage, and under the management of CEO Kaz Hirai the company is now looking to streamline its operations after the company revised its profit outlook for the current year. Read More: Sony Cuts 5,000 Jobs as it Exits the Computer Business

Tuesday, January 28, 2014

Inflation; Causes and effects ,

picture of inflation  - man - JPG pic of inflation  - Arrow graph going up with inflation written on it - JPG
Inflation is the long term rise in the prices of goods and services caused by the devaluation of currency.
Inflationary problems arise when we experience unexpected inflation which is not adequately matched by a rise in people’s incomes. If incomes do not increase along with the prices of goods, everyone’s purchasing power has been effectively reduced, which can in turn lead to a slowing or stagnant economy.

what exactly causes inflation in an economy? 
Inflation is primarily caused by an increase in the money supply that outpaces economic growth.
Ever since industrialized nations moved away from the gold standard during the past century, the value of money is determined by the amount of currency that is in circulation and the public’s perception of the value of that money. When the Federal Reserve decides to put more money into circulation at a rate higher than the economy’s growth rate, the value of money can fall because of the changing public perception of the value of the underlying currency. As a result, this devaluation will force prices to rise due to the fact that each unit of currency is now worth less.
One way of looking at the money supply effect on inflation is the same way collectors value items. The rarer a specific item is, the more valuable it must be. The same logic works for currency; the less currency there is in the money supply, the more valuable that currency will be. When a government decides to print new currency, they essentially water down the value of the money already in circulation. A more macroeconomic way of looking at the negative effects of an increased money supply is that there will be more dollars chasing the same amount of goods in an economy, which will inevitably lead to increased demand and therefore higher prices.

National Debt he reason for this is that as a country’s debt increases, the government has two options: they can either raise taxes or print more money to pay off the debt.
A rise in taxes will cause businesses to react by raising their prices to offset the increased corporate tax rate. Alternatively, should the government choose the latter option, printing more money will lead directly to an increase in the money supply, which will in turn lead to the devaluation of the currency and increased prices (as discussed above)

The demand-pull effect states that as wages increase within an economic system (often the case in a growing economy with low unemployment), people will have more money to spend on consumer goods. This increase in liquidity and demand for consumer goods results in an increase in demand for products. As a result of the increased demand, companies will raise prices to the level the consumer will bear in order to balance supply and demand.
Another factor in driving up prices of consumer goods and services is explained by an economic theory known as the cost-push effect. Essentially, this theory states that when companies are faced with increased input costs like raw goods and materials or wages, they will preserve their profitability by passing this increased cost of production onto the consumer in the form of higher prices.
Inflation can be made worse by our increasing exposure to foreign marketplaces. In America, we function on a basis of the value of the dollar. On a day-to-day basis, we as consumers may not care what the exchange rates between our foreign trade partners are, but in an increasingly global economy, exchange rates are one of the most important factors in determining our rate of inflation.
This exchange rate differential between our economy and that of our trade partners can stimulate the sales and profitability of American corporations by increasing their profitability and competitiveness in overseas markets. But it also has the simultaneous effect of making imported goods 
A healthy rate of inflation is considered a positive because it results in increasing wages and corporate profitability and keeps capital flowing in a presumably growing economy. As long as things are moving in relative unison, inflation will not be detrimental.
Another way of looking at small amounts of inflation is that it encourages consumption. For example, if you wanted to buy a specific item, and knew that the price of it would rise by 2-3% in a year, you would be encouraged to buy it now. 

1. Spend money on long-term investments.
We all love to save. But when it comes to long-term investments, sometimes spending money now can allow you to benefit from inflation down the road. 
2. Invest in commodities.
Commodities, like oil, have an inherent worth that is resilient to inflation. Unlike money, commodities will always remain in demand and can act as an excellent hedge against inflation. 
3. Invest in gold and precious metals.
Gold, silver, and other precious metals, like commodities, have an inherent value that allows them to remain immune to inflation. In fact, gold used to be the preferred form of currency before the move to paper currency took place. With that said, even precious metals are liable to being a part of speculative bubbles.
4. Invest in real estate.
Real estate has also historically offered an inflationary hedge. The old saying goes: “land is the one thing they aren’t making any more of.” Investing in real estate provides a real asset. In addition,rental property can offer the landlord the option of increasing rent prices over time to keep pace with inflation. Plus, there’s the added alternative of the ability to sell the real assets in the open market for what normally amounts to a return that generally keeps pace with or outstrips inflation. However, just like with precious metals, we all know that real estate bubbles can and do exist.
5. Consider TIPS.
Treasury Inflation Protected Securities (TIPS) are guaranteed to return your original investment along with whatever inflation was during the lifetime of the TIPS. But TIPS do not offer the opportunity for significant capital appreciation, and therefore should only make up a portion of your personal investment portfolio allocation.
7. Consider dividend-paying stocks.
Exhaustive research by Wharton School of Business economist Jeremy Siegel reveals that large cap, dividend paying stocks have provided an inflation-adjusted 7% per year return in every period greater than 20 years since 1800. If you have the investment risk tolerance for the volatility and a time horizon of greater than 20 years until retirement, consider dividend-paying securities. Dividend stocks offer a hedge against inflation because dividends normally increase on an annual basis at a rate which outpaces that of inflation. This almost guarantees stock price appreciation at a similar pace, while offering the further benefit of compounding when dividends are reinvested.
8. Save More.
The fact is that you are probably going to need a lot more money for retirement than you think you will. There are two ways to get to your new benchmark: Save more, or invest more aggressively. Saving more is probably the easiest and most proactive thing you can do to ensure your ability to fund a comfortable retirement.
Like it or not, inflation is real. Ignoring the effects that inflation can and will have on your long-term savings is probably one of the biggest mistakes that many investors make. Understanding the detrimental causes and effects of inflation is the first step to making long-term decisions to mitigate the risks. But the next step is taking action. Consider the ten tips above to help you overcome the devastating effects inflation can have on your future retirement.

Thursday, January 23, 2014

How to face and stop the Corruption

Cutting corruption, isolated -
It’s natural to think of elections when we think of political corruption. People or organisations with their own agendas can skew voting. They may secretly give parties big donations. Or parties and candidates can buy votes instead of winning them.
But political corruption isn’t just about election rigging. It can lead politicians in office to steer away from good government. Their decisions can benefit those who fund them. The public interest comes second. Political corruption can divert scarce resources from poor and disadvantaged people. This is especially common in countries where democratic institutions are weak or absent. Private rather than public interests dictate policy.
This means an ethical line has been crossed. Governments can’t act freely and democracy can’t function. Our trust in politicians is damaged. We can turn away from involvement with how we’re governed. Then political corruption continues unchecked.

ADDRESSING CORRUPTION THROUGH INFORMATION AND ORGANISED NETWORKING (ACTION)

For countries to fight corruption, they need to cooperate. To this end, governments have adopted global and regional anti-corruption conventions. Transparency International pushes governments to comply with anti-corruption conventions through advocacy, capacity building and research.

Corruption is a habit and hence everyone who is in the position are susceptible to it.
There are people who are ready to compete for those jobs with greater chances of corruption and those who don’t have the chance, expect to minimize the corruption and keep complaining about it.
ut prevention and eradication of corruption is an absolute requirement for better social and public life.  This corruption takes an interesting turn in such a way that everyone becomes corrupt in some other sort if situation permits. The below mentioned tips are written from perspective of corruption in India.
Yet corruption is prevalent in all the countries in some or other way.


How to stop corruption tips for effective prevention and erradication 

Corruption is a habit and hence everyone who is in the position are susceptible to it.



There are people who are ready to compete for those jobs with greater chances of corruption and those who don’t have the chance, expect to minimize the corruption and keep complaining about it.
But prevention and eradication of corruption is an absolute requirement for better social and public life.  This corruption takes an interesting turn in such a way that everyone becomes corrupt in some other sort if situation permits. The below mentioned tips are written from perspective of corruption in India.
Yet corruption is prevalent in all the countries in some or other way.

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