Communications over the world wide doesnt depend on sytax or eloquence or rethoric or articulation but on the emotional context in which the message is being heard.
People can only hear you when they are moving toward you and they are not likely to when your wordss are pursuing them
Even the choices words lose their powe when they are used to overpower.
Attitudes are the real figures of speech '-Friedman

Monday, May 31, 2010

The needs of Inmigration Reform from the Goverment no from a State

New Arizona law strikes a severe blow to freedom and the principles that make our nation strong. This law of ‘frontier justice’ – where law enforcement officials are required to stop anyone based on ‘reasonable suspicion’ that they may be in the country illegally – is reminiscent of a time during World War II when the Gestapo in Germany stopped people on the street and asked for their papers without probable cause. It shouldn’t be against the law to not have proof of citizenship on you.”

Arizona’s Republican governor signed the law Friday. It is viewed as the toughest on illegal immigration in the nation and has drawn criticism from President Barack Obama.

The law makes it a state crime to be in the U.S. illegally and directs police to question people about their immigration status if there is reason to suspect they’re illegal immigrants.

Mack said that isn’t what America is supposed

Until Arizona's corporations start speaking out against their racial profiling law, we're vowing not to patronize Arizona-based businesses.
Our vision of reform includes immigrants and native-born U.S. citizens working shoulder to shoulder to achieve better wages, working conditions, and labor protections. That’s our vision for a stronger America – for families, for workers, for businesses, and for security.

For America’s Families:

The family is the basic unit of our society, and immigrants who have the support of strong families are more likely to contribute to society, pay taxes, and start businesses that create jobs. But our broken immigration system divides families and keeps loved ones apart for years and even decades, which discourages them from following the rules and working within the system.

It doesn’t make sense to spend billions of dollars rounding people up, breaking up families, shutting down businesses, and deporting people who are working, learning English, and putting down roots here. For immigrants who don’t have legal status, we should require them to come out of the shadows and register, pay taxes, and start working toward becoming Americans, while keeping their families together.

For America’s Workers:

Reforming immigration will help protect all workers from exploitation and unfair competition. Currently, millions of workers — one in twenty in the U.S. workforce — are vulnerable to employers who seek unfair advantage over their competitors by not paying workers minimum wage or by ignoring labor rights protected by law. Bringing undocumented workers into the system will allow them to stand up for their rights and to unionize. When they are on equal footing with other workers, unscrupulous employers will not easily be able to pit one group of workers against another, driving down wages for all Americans.

America should not settle for a downwardly spiraling competition for lower wage jobs. America needs more jobs, more rights for workers, and better wages, not more laws to keep workers out or keep workers down.
Reforming immigration is an important part of fixing the ailing economy. The federal government has an obligation to reform immigration for all American workers.

For America’s Economy:

Today, almost every American company needs smart planning, to navigate through hard times and be ready for growth when the economy recovers. Unfortunately, for too many American businesses, the unreliable and obsolete immigration system makes planning for the future more difficult.

Industries like agriculture that require a large workforce ready, willing, and able to work long and physically demanding days have been unable to plan their business strategies around a stable workforce. Since the beginning of the twentieth century, such sectors have relied on immigrant workers to do those jobs. The hospitality, restaurant, business services, and manufacturing sectors face similar problems.

One of the challenges American businesses face today is the aging American workforce, the rapid retirement of the large Baby Boomer generation. To maintain a balanced and a stable workforce, American businesses must find younger workers, especially in manual labor jobs. With more and more US citizen youth earning high school and college degrees, the trend is making the prospects of adequately filling jobs in certain sectors extremely difficult, even in this tough economy.

For America’s Security:

The immigration system we have today makes little sense in terms of America’s security. With few legal options to come in through the system, many seek ways to go around it. The broken system has spawned a thriving market for smugglers and has generated chaos on the border. A seemingly random enforcement regime targets ordinary immigrant workers and families, diverting resources away from protecting against genuine threats. Millions of immigrants are unknown to the government. Unscrupulous employers have little fear of punishment for recruiting and exploiting undocumented workers and undermining their honest competitors.

Immigration reform will allow more immigrants to come with a visa, not with a smuggler. It will require undocumented immigrants to get right with the law, register with the government, and go through government background security checks. This screening process will separate ordinary immigrants who have come seeking opportunities to better their lives from those who may be exploiting opportunities a broken system provides to those who may be coming to do us harm.

Enforcement resources can then be trained on employers who flaunt labor laws and exploit undocumented immigrants, on smugglers who traffic in drugs and guns who are creating chaos on the border, and on violent individuals inside the country who may pose a threat to public safety.

By getting ordinary immigrants in line for citizenship and prioritizing enforcement actions to target genuine threats, immigration reform will be good for America’s security.

It is a controversial topic, that hide the reality of a social issue .
Why United States offer 500 000 jobs for inmigrants from Mexico and only 5 000 visas can be done ?
Why United States allows to come illegal people offering jobs that american citizen dont do, and for the condition of being illegal the salaries are so low and there are abuses from employers who hire them.
Why condemn the victims , the people who is going for promising jobs and there is a huge responsability from the employers . Who the law has to watch out ?

This law is a state law and is considered Arizona as a Ley of Supremacy , they consider that

Arizona has become the Number One state of criminality in United States , when the sources of New York Times and others said the criminality has decreased in 2 years
This law should be a Federal Law , first of all , but there are other interests behind this
if an inmigrant is stopped by a police , it is requested his licence his social security and the certified birth
that all the countries has.
How could be considered and treated as a criminal a person who has not his driver licence , when in all free countries it is considered as an administrative request that can be checked so fast with only one document .

Why United States allows to come 500 000 workers no qualified , for jobs by year ? this has become the development of the agriculture industry for years to US , and give only 5000 visas.

Why Arizona state where the 1/3 police are hispanic origin , how they are prepared to contact casuality an inmigrant , the law doesnt specify there should be a illegal action , they can be stopped by only suspect , how this policemen are prepared to not cause discrimination , the police has the right to ask the status of inmigration , meanwhile the treatment is like they are guilty till it will be proved it .

there are 2 sides in this situation who enters to US who receives them .
what are the main aspects :
the need to create the Inmigration Reform from the Goverment , that it is what Obama will do but next year , not in this 2010
The law of Arizona is abusive, doesnt consider the reality and the real players , the corruption system that exist even all latinos will be deported , one important data is according to FBI the illegal inmigrant has lower rate of criminal actions than national citizens ,

there are 15. 000 .000 citizen unemployees but they dont accept the jobs that this illegal inmigration do.
the competivity and development of US specially in agriculture for example ,were done by a low working hand.
if the politic should be taken away from this issue , that the voto latino cant count , it means other consecquences , and other interests

if tomorrow could be possible to give the approval to work legally to these people it means 12. 000.000 will be legal

why there is a huge pressure on this law in arizona : because politics , 70% citizens and the 61% of the country are in favor to this law , that it is racist and ridiculous .

The tags that endorses excuses of this law like all illegal (no documentated people) are supposed to be criminals is absurd , and the reports , federal reports ,says the contrary .

The only way that this issue could be solved is with the Inmigration Reform from the Goverment ,not from a state .
the security border is easier if both countries work on real basis , nothing happens alone , there is a demand and offer , so both are responsible
with a Inmigration Reform , could also work faster to face the criminal cartels , drugs , that both countries Mexico and US has to work on this
  • giving a temporary permission for working
  • social security
  • quality of life
will assure that this inmigrants add the value on the economy and also in the society of US ,
cause we have never forget that US is a land of Inmigrants. and the system of inmigration is very unfair and has allot of failures that only innocent people finally pay the price of unjustice .

As you know, I'm an immigrant. I came over here as an immigrant, and what gave me the opportunities, what made me to be here today, is the open arms of Americans. I have been received. I have been adopted by America.
Arnold Schwarzenegger

Like other important immigrant communities, the Jewish experience in the United States represents the ideal of freedom and the promise and opportunity of America.
Jan Schakowsky

We cannot shun our values as an immigrant nation. This is a wrong path. And while possibly it is a short-term political victory based on division and based on creating a wedge issue that splits people in this country, it is a long-term defeat for this Nation.
Raul Grijalva

Sunday, May 30, 2010

Europeans Fear Crisis Threatens Liberal Benefits

By Steven Erlanger
PARIS — Across Western Europe, the “lifestyle superpower,” the assumptions and gains of a lifetime are suddenly in doubt. The deficit crisis that threatens the euro has also undermined the sustainability of the European standard of social welfare, built by left-leaning governments since the end of World War II.

Europeans have boasted about their social model, with its generous vacations and early retirements, its national health care systems and extensive welfare benefits, contrasting it with the comparative harshness of American capitalism.

Europeans have benefited from low military spending, protected by NATO and the American nuclear umbrella. They have also translated higher taxes into a cradle-to-grave safety net. “The Europe that protects” is a slogan of the European Union.

But all over Europe governments with big budgets, falling tax revenues and aging populations are experiencing rising deficits, with more bad news ahead.

With low growth, low birthrates and longer life expectancies, Europe can no longer afford its comfortable lifestyle, at least not without a period of austerity and significant changes. The countries are trying to reassure investors by cutting salaries, raising legal retirement ages, increasing work hours and reducing health benefits and pensions.

“We’re now in rescue mode,” said Carl Bildt, Sweden’s foreign minister. “But we need to transition to the reform mode very soon. The ‘reform deficit’ is the real problem,” he said, pointing to the need for structural change.

The reaction so far to government efforts to cut spending has been pessimism and anger, with an understanding that the current system is unsustainable.

In Athens, Aris Iordanidis, 25, an economics graduate working in a bookstore, resents paying high taxes to finance Greece’s bloated state sector and its employees. “They sit there for years drinking coffee and chatting on the telephone and then retire at 50 with nice fat pensions,” he said. “As for us, the way things are going we’ll have to work until we’re 70.”

In Rome, Aldo Cimaglia is 52 and teaches photography, and he is deeply pessimistic about his pension. “It’s going to go belly-up because no one will be around to fill the pension coffers,” he said. “It’s not just me; this country has no future.”

Changes have now become urgent. Europe’s population is aging quickly as birthrates decline. Unemployment has risen as traditional industries have shifted to Asia. And the region lacks competitiveness in world markets.

According to the European Commission, by 2050 the percentage of Europeans older than 65 will nearly double. In the 1950s there were seven workers for every retiree in advanced economies. By 2050, the ratio in the European Union will drop to 1.3 to 1.

“The easy days are over for countries like Greece, Portugal and Spain, but for us, too,” said Laurent Cohen-Tanugi, a French lawyer who did a study of Europe in the global economy for the French government. “A lot of Europeans would not like the issue cast in these terms, but that is the storm we’re facing. We can no longer afford the old social model, and there is a real need for structural reform.”

In Paris, Malka Braniste, 88, lives on the pension of her deceased husband. “I’m worried for the next generations,” she said at lunch with her daughter-in-law, Dominique Alcan, 49. “People who don’t put money aside won’t get anything.”

Ms. Alcan expects to have to work longer as a traveling saleswoman. “But I’m afraid I’ll never reach the same level of comfort,” she said. “I won’t be able to do my job at 63; being a saleswoman requires a lot of energy.”

Gustave Brun d’Arre, 18, is still in high school. “The only thing we’re told is that we will have to pay for the others,” he said, sipping a beer at a cafe. The waiter interrupted, discussing plans to alter the French pension system. “It will be a mess,” the waiter said. “We’ll have to work harder and longer in our jobs.”

Figures show the severity of the problem. Gross public social expenditures in the European Union increased from 16 percent of gross domestic product in 1980 to 21 percent in 2005, compared with 15.9 percent in the United States. In France, the figure now is 31 percent, the highest in Europe, with state pensions making up more than 44 percent of the total and health care, 30 percent.

The challenge is particularly daunting in France, which has done less to reduce the state’s obligations than some of its neighbors. In Sweden and Switzerland, 7 of 10 people work past 50. In France, only half do. The legal retirement age in France is 60, while Germany recently raised it to 67 for those born after 1963.

With the retirement of the baby boomers, the number of pensioners will rise 47 percent in France between now and 2050, while the number under 60 will remain stagnant. The French call it “du baby boom au papy boom,” and the costs, if unchanged, are unsustainable. The French state pension system today is running a deficit of 11 billion euros, or about $13.8 billion; by 2050, it will be 103 billion euros, or $129.5 billion, about 2.6 percent of projected economic output.

President Nicolas Sarkozy has vowed to pass major pension reform this year. There have been two contentious overhauls, in 2003 and 2008; the government, afraid to lower pensions, wants to increase taxes on high salaries and increase the years of work.

But the unions are unhappy, and the Socialist Party opposes raising the retirement age. Polls show that while most French see a pension overhaul as necessary, up to 60 percent say working past 60 is not the answer.

Jean-François Copé, the parliamentary leader for Mr. Sarkozy’s center-right party, says that change is painful, but necessary. “The point is to preserve our model and keep it,” he said. “We need to get rid of bad habits. The Germans did it, and we can do the same.”

More broadly, many across Europe say the Continent will have to adapt to fiscal and demographic change, because social peace depends on it. “Europe won’t work without that,” said Joschka Fischer, the former German foreign minister, referring to the state’s protective role. “In Europe we have nationalism and racism in a politicized manner, and those parties would have exploited grievances if not for our welfare state,” he said. “It’s a matter of national security, of our democracy.”

France will ultimately have to follow Sweden and Germany in raising the pension age, he argues. “This will have to be harmonized, Europeanized, or it won’t work — you can’t have a pension at 67 here and 55 in Greece,” Mr. Fischer said.

The problems are even more acute in the “new democracies” of the euro zone — Greece, Portugal and Spain — that embraced European democratic ideals and that Europe embraced for political reasons in the postwar era, perhaps before their economies were ready. They have built lavish state systems on the back of the euro, but now must change.

Under threat of default, Greece has frozen pensions for three years and drafted a bill to raise the legal retirement age to 65. Greece froze public-sector pay and trimmed benefits for state employees, including a bonus two months of salary. Portugal has cut 5 percent from the salaries of senior public employees and politicians and increased taxes, while canceling big projects; Spain is cutting civil service salaries by 5 percent and freezing pay in 2011 while also chopping public projects.

But all three need to do more to bolster their competitiveness and growth, mostly by changing deeply inflexible employment rules, which can make it prohibitively expensive to hire or fire staff members, keeping unemployment high.

Jean-Claude Meunier is 68, a retired French Navy official and headhunter, who plays bridge to “train my memory and avoid Alzheimer’s.” His main worry is pension. “For years, our political leaders acted with very little courage,” he said. “Pensions represent the failure of the leaders and the failure of the system.”

In Athens, Mr. Iordanidis, the graduate who makes 800 euros a month in a bookstore, said he saw one possible upside. “It could be a chance to overhaul the whole rancid system,” he said, “and create a state that actually works.

Reporting was contributed by Maïa de la Baume and Scott Sayre from Paris, Niki Kitsantonis from Athens, and Elisabetta Povoledo from Rome.

Thursday, May 27, 2010

Google, Sony, Intel join on Web television project

Google Inc, Intel Corp and Sony Corp unveiled “Google TV” on Thursday in the latest effort to marry the Web to television and reach into the $70 billion TV advertising market.

The attempt to bring the Internet into living rooms has challenged virtually every major player in the technology and consumer electronics industry for years, from Apple Inc to Microsoft Corp.

For Google, television represents an attractive market in which to expand its Internet advertising business, which generated the bulk of its $23.7 billion in 2009 revenue.

Executives demonstrated how Google TV will work. A Google search box pops up directly on the screen, allowing surfing through broadcasting channels as well as the Internet. Searches can be typed on input devices resembling a tablet-like gadget.

Google Inc, Intel Corp and Sony Corp unveiled "Google TV" on Thursday in the latest effort to marry the Web to television and reach into the $70 billion TV advertising market.

The attempt to bring the Internet into living rooms has frustrated virtually every major player in the technology and consumer electronics industry for years, from Microsoft Corp to Google's new archrival Apple Inc, which was the focus of frequent verbal jabs and jokes.

Television represents an attractive market in which to expand Google's Internet advertising business, which generated the bulk of its $23.7 billion in 2009 revenue, but so far a successful formula has proved elusive.

Google's main focus was to integrate an Internet-style search box into sets which could then look for video and other information on television as well as the Web.

Sony will build devices to launch in the fall -- in time for the 2010 holiday buying season -- with Intel providing its small Atom processors to run machines.

For Sony, whose dominance in electronics has been eroded by the likes of Samsung Electronics, the effort helps it get ahead of rivals in developing a new generation of devices.

"Video should be consumed on the biggest, best and brightest screen in the house. And that's a TV. It's not a PC or a phone or anything else in between," said Google project senior product manager Rishi Chandra.

Best Buy Co Inc will sell devices and DISH Network TV will integrate its service into Google TV. Chief executives from those companies, as well as Google, Sony, Intel and Adobe Systems Inc, all went on stage at Google's developers conference for the announcement.


The effort is hardly a sure thing, based on the track record of other high-profile attempts.

Executives said previous efforts had failed because they dumbed down the Web for television, were closed to participation by others, and made people choose between using the Web or television.

"It's much harder to marry a 50-year-old technology and a brand new technology than those of us in the brand new technology industry thought," Google Chief Executive Eric Schmidt acknowledged to the audience of developers.

Portending the potential speed and bandwidth limitations of such a device, embarrassed Google engineers struggled initially to get their TV up and running, and had to ask their audience to turn off their cellphones, which were interfering with Google TV remote controls.

Google's increasingly tense relationship with Apple was clear throughout the conference. Engineers showed off new versions of the Android mobile phone platform, which will also run Google TV and which competes directly with Apple's iPhone.

(Reporting by Alexei Oreskovic; Writing by Edwin Chan and Peter Henderson; Editing by Andre Grenon and Richard Chang)

Gulf Oil Spill

Some experts have been quick to predict apocalypse, painting grim pictures of 1,000 miles of irreplaceable wetlands and beaches at risk, fisheries damaged for seasons, fragile species wiped out and a region and an industry economically crippled for years.

President Obama has called the spill “a potentially unprecedented environmental disaster.” And some scientists have suggested that the oil might hitch a ride on the loop current in the gulf, bringing havoc to the Atlantic Coast.

Yet the Deepwater Horizon blowout is not unprecedented, nor is it yet among the worst oil accidents in history. And its ultimate impact will depend on a long list of interlinked variables, including the weather, ocean currents, the properties of the oil involved and the success or failure of the frantic efforts to stanch the flow and remediate its effects.

As one expert put it, this is the first inning of a nine-inning game. No one knows the final score.

The ruptured well, currently pouring an estimated 210,000 gallons of oil a day into the gulf, could flow for years and still not begin to approach the 36 billion gallons of oil spilled by retreating Iraqi forces when they left Kuwait in 1991. It is not yet close to the magnitude of the Ixtoc I blowout in the Bay of Campeche in Mexico in 1979, which spilled an estimated 140 million gallons of crude before the gusher could be stopped.

And it will have to get much worse before it approaches the impact of the Exxon Valdez accident of 1989, which contaminated 1,300 miles of largely untouched shoreline and killed tens of thousands of seabirds, otters and seals along with 250 eagles and 22 killer whales.

No one, not even the oil industry’s most fervent apologists, is making light of this accident. The contaminated area of the gulf continues to spread, and oil has been found in some of the fragile marshes at the tip of Louisiana. The beaches and coral reefs of the Florida Keys could be hit if the slick is captured by the gulf’s clockwise loop current.

But on Monday, the wind was pushing the slick in the opposite direction, away from the current. The worst effects of the spill have yet to be felt. And if efforts to contain the oil are even partly successful and the weather cooperates, the worst could be avoided.

“Right now what people are fearing has not materialized,” said Edward B. Overton, professor emeritus of environmental science at Louisiana State University and an expert on oil spills. “People have the idea of an Exxon Valdez, with a gunky, smelly black tide looming over the horizon waiting to wash ashore. I do not anticipate this will happen down here unless things get a lot worse.”

Dr. Overton said he was hopeful that efforts by BP to place containment structures over the leaking parts of the well will succeed, although he said it was a difficult task that could actually make things worse by damaging undersea pipes.

Other experts said that while the potential for catastrophe remained, there were reasons to remain guardedly optimistic.

“The sky is not falling,” said Quenton R. Dokken, a marine biologist and the executive director of the Gulf of Mexico Foundation, a conservation group in Corpus Christi, Tex. “We’ve certainly stepped in a hole and we’re going to have to work ourselves out of it, but it isn’t the end of the Gulf of Mexico.”

Engineers said the type of oil pouring out is lighter than the heavy crude spilled by the Exxon Valdez, evaporates more quickly and is easier to burn. It also appears to respond to the use of dispersants, which break up globs of oil and help them sink. The oil is still capable of significant damage, particularly when it is churned up with water and forms a sort of mousse that floats and can travel long distances.

Jacqueline Savitz, a senior scientist at Oceana, a nonprofit environmental group, said that much of the damage was already taking place far offshore and out of sight of surveillance aircraft and research vessels.

“Some people are saying, It hasn’t gotten to shore yet so it’s all good,” she said. “But a lot of animals live in the ocean, and a spill like this becomes bad for marine life as soon as it hits the water. You have endangered sea turtles, the larvae of bluefin tuna, shrimp and crabs and oysters, grouper. A lot of these are already being affected and have been for 10 days. We’re waiting to see how bad it is at the shore, but we may never fully understand the full impacts on ocean life.”

The economic impact is as uncertain as the environmental damage. With several million gallons of medium crude in the water already, some experts are predicting wide economic harm. Experts at the Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies in Corpus Christi, for example, estimated that as much as $1.6 billion of annual economic activity and services — including effects on tourism, fishing and even less tangible services like the storm protection provided by wetlands — could be at risk.

“And that’s really only the tip of the iceberg,” said David Yoskowitz, who holds the endowed chair for socioeconomics at the institute. “It’s still early in the game, and there’s a lot of potential downstream impacts, a lot of multiplier impacts.”

But much of this damage could be avoided if the various tactics employed by BP and government technicians pay off in the coming days. The winds are dying down and the seas are calming, allowing for renewed skimming operations and possible new controlled burns of oil on the surface. BP technicians are trying to inject dispersants deep below the surface, which could reduce the impact on aquatic life. Winds and currents could move the globs of emulsified oil away from coastal shellfish breeding grounds.

The gulf is not a pristine environment and has survived both chronic and acute pollution problems before. Thousands of gallons of oil flow into the gulf from natural undersea well seeps every day, engineers say, and the scores of refineries and chemical plants that line the shore from Mexico to Mississippi pour untold volumes of pollutants into the water.

After the Ixtoc spill 31 years ago, the second-largest oil release in history, the gulf rebounded. Within three years, there was little visible trace of the spill off the Mexican coast, which was compounded by a tanker accident in the gulf a few months later that released 2.6 million additional gallons, experts said.

“The gulf is tremendously resilient,” said Dr. Dokken, the marine biologist. “But we’ve always got to ask ourselves how long can we keep heaping these insults on the gulf and having it bounce back. As a scientist, I have to say I just don’t know.”

Leslie Kaufman contributed reporting from New Orleans.

Monday, May 24, 2010


The venerable Teatro Colon will reopen in May after three years of restoration works, with a star-studded opera calendar that includes Puccini's La Bohème and Mozart's Don Giovanni.

The Teatro Colon of Buenos Aires has already presented its program for the 2010 Season. Happily, the companies will return to the theater's concert hall that will be inaugurated on May 25th, 2010, with a Reopening Gala in celebration of the May Revolution Bicentenary. The 2010 Season will feature great figures as Daniel Barenboim, Zubin Mehta Paloma Herrera, and Yo-Yo Ma.

Once considered one of the world’s top five opera houses, Buenos Aires’ Teatro Colón has played host to musical legends like Igor Stravinsky, Richard Strauss, Luciano Pavarotti and Arturo Toscanini. But when the curtain fell on Swan Lake in October 2006, many wondered if the aging and badly neglected theatre would ever regain its former glory. Shortly thereafter, the City embarked on an ambitious $100 million renovation project to restore something the Colón once boasted: perfect acoustics. A botched mid-80’s mini-renovation changed that and performances over the ensuing twenty years were marred by thin sound and noticeable reverberations. A team of architects, engineers and renovation experts spent the past three years demolishing and then renovating everything from the stage to the balconies to the freight elevators. Unfortunately peeling an onion of that magnitude began to reveal more serious structural problems, so the planned 2008 re-opening (for the 100th anniversary) was postponed until this year’s Bicentennial celebration in Buenos Aires. Despite doubts and criticism from opposition parties, the Government of the City of Buenos Aires persevered and the Colón is finally ready for her debut on May 24. Actually a dress rehearsal was held last night, according to Clarín, for the hundreds of workers involved with restoring the most important cultural symbol in Argentina. Shortly after 8:00, the conductor took the stage and the sounds of Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony soared through the hall. As for the restoration of the once-perfect acoustics, the conductor’s comment says it all, “We cried like little boys.” (Teatro Colón)

The theater opened on May 25, 1908, the Día de la patria (Motherland Day) in Argentina, with a performance of Verdi's Aida. It quickly became a world-famous operatic venue rivaling La Scala and the Metropolitan Opera in attracting artists.

With excellent acoustics and modern stage areas, the theater's interior design features a rich scarlet and gold decor. The cupola contains frescoes painted in 1966 by the renowned 20th century artist Raul Soldi during the renovation work.

Ever since the staging of Aída, various figures performed on this prodigious stage. Dance and ballet artists played their roles here and not only did they leave a long-lasting mark but also found in most cases the top roof of their careers thanks to the theater. Celebrities like Arturo Toscanini, Enrico Caruso and Titta Rufo, Richard Strauss and Arthur Nikisch, Lily Pons, Igor Stravinsky, María Callas and Maia Plissetskaya, to name a few, have accounted for what the Colón represented.

Luciano Pavarotti, considered by many as the greatest tenor in history, said about the theater: "…it has a very big defect, its acoustic is simply perfect. Imagine what that means for a singer: if one makes a mistake, it is noticed immediately …"

Plácido Domingo, another great tenor of the XX century, reviewed: "…what has impressed me most about the Colón Theater has always been its orchestra and its choir, as well as the wonderful workshops that work out any problem in a matter of minutes. The Colón is a marvelous theater, I would say it cannot be compared to any other theater in the world, because in addition to its artistic history, only masterpieces have been presented in its stage ever since its inauguration"BICENTENARIO (BICENTENARY CONCERTS)
A total of 8 concerts that will get together some of the most resounding figures in the season: Daniel Barenboim, Zubin Mehta and Yo-Yo Ma.

Friday, June 11, 8 pm:
Yo-Yo Ma, violonchelo
Kathryn Stott, piano
Tuesday, August 24, 8 pm:
András Schiff, piano
Wednesday, August 25, 8 pm:
West-Eastern Divan Orchestra
Director: Daniel Barenboim
Sunday, August 17 – Monday, August 30 – Tuesday, August 31, 8 pm:
Teatro Alla Scala de Milán Orchestra and Choir
Director: Daniel Barenboim
Tuesday, September 14, 8 pm:
Karin Lechner / Sergio Tiempo, Pianos
Friday, October 1, 8 pm:
Munich Philharmonic Orchestra
Director: Zubin Mehta
Friday, November 26, 8 pm:
Concert of the Bicentenaries
Director: Enrique Arturo Diemecke

Tuesday, May 18, 2010

Brazil 's president Lula da Silva:Iran 's agreement nuclear fuel deal

SAO PAULO — Brazil's president says Iran's agreement to a nuclear fuel deal he helped craft proves his nation has finally become a new global power broker.

Yet most of the credit headed Brazil's way may well go to Luiz Ignacio Lula da Silva himself. The leader famously popular at home and abroad is soon leaving office to a more-obscure successor, even as he looks for his own new challenges.

"Clearly this is a huge political home run for Lula," said Christopher Garman, who heads Latin American research for the Eurasia Group consulting firm in Washington. "He has rounded up the end of his term in a big way: He used his personal political capital and is playing a role in the Middle East."

Silva is a long-standing icon of Latin America's Marxist-influenced left who enchanted investors by embracing market-friendly policies as president. With a jovial, plain-talking style forged as a labor leader, he has bonded with George W. Bush and with Hugo Chavez. He has traded jokes with Barack Obama and bear hugs with Iran's Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.

Silva portrayed the deal as a victory for his own nation and for another emerging power, Turkey, which has opposed U.S. and European efforts to impose sanctions on Iran for its nuclear fuel enrichment. Analysts said their stand may have made it easier for Iran to accept a compromise that might have looked like a capitulation if it was brokered by a less friendly country.

Silva has long urged a greater global role for developing nations — and a bigger place in a United Nations now dominated by a handful of countries that are permanent members of the Security Council.

"Brazil believed that it was possible to reach a deal," Silva said Monday on his weekly radio program, recorded in Tehran after the deal was signed. "I think that diplomacy came out victorious today. I think it was a result that shows we can build peace through dialogue."

It's not clear if the deal will satisfy the international community, though it is similar to a U.N.-drafted plan, backed by Washington and its allies, meant to deprive Iran of enough stocks of enriched uranium to produce a nuclear weapon.

The Turkish-Brazilian negotiating effort bucked the wishes of a skeptical White House. While Washington initially said the outcome could be a "positive step," Iran then said it would keep enriching uranium on its own, something that could help it develop a nuclear weapon.

U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton announced Tuesday that the United States along with China, Russia and other major powers had agreed on a proposal for strong new sanctions against Iran over its nuclear program.

She told a U.S. Senate committee that the five permanent members of the U.S. Security Council — Britain, China, France, Russia and the U.S. — and Germany would send a new draft sanctions resolution to the entire council later Tuesday, capping months of diplomatic maneuvering and painstaking negotiations.

Even though the deal pushed forward by Silva may go nowhere, just getting an agreement out of Iran was an international coup for Brazil's first working class president, who has repeatedly argued that his country has earned the right to a permanent, prominent role in international affairs.

During the seven years of Silva's presidency, Latin America's largest economy has seen solid growth, its international reserves have ballooned from $38 billion to $240 billion, inflation has been tamed and some 20 million people have been lifted from poverty.

Brazil also won the contests to host both soccer's World Cup in 2014 and the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro.

But Brazil's future influence could dim with the departure of Silva's star power. The leading candidates to succeed him are barely known outside Brazil and don't have his charisma. Whoever wins is likely to initially focus on domestic affairs.

Silva's favored successor is Dilma Rousseff, his former chief of staff. A one-time revolutionary who was tortured during the nation's 1964-1985 dictatorship, she has never run for office before.

The other main candidate, Sao Paulo state Gov. Jose Serra, is seen as a capable but bland technocrat.

Either will have to spend months stitching together alliances among the numerous parties expected to win seats in Brazil's Congress and will face problems ranging from divvying up revenues from new offshore oil finds to reforms of Brazil's Byzantine labor and tax rules.

It could take them years to build up the international clout Silva won through frequent trips abroad and with huge domestic popularity now above 80 percent that translated into global respect.

"Does the Iran deal mean Brazil will play a significant role after Lula? I think it remains to be seen," Garman said.

Silva has said he won't publicly second guess the actions of his country's next president, but has dropped only hints of what he wants to do next.

He has brushed aside suggestions he could become secretary-general of the United Nations, or president of the World Bank, but has said he wants to promote Latin American integration and use Brazil's experience in easing misery and boosting growth to foster development in Africa.

He's not immune to controversy. Last year, the tough-talking Silva made headlines when he blamed the global financial meltdown on "white people with blue eyes" while standing next to Britain's prime minister.

Analysts agreed the Iran deal could help catapult him into nearly any international leadership position he wants.

"Will Lula use this capital to propel himself into another position? Of course. He'll be an ex-president in search of a role he does not want to abandon," said Alexandre Barros, who runs the Early Warning political risk group in Brasilia.

photo: Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, center, his Brazilian counterpart Luis Inacio Lula da Silva, left, and Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, right, talk before signing an agreement to ship most of Iran's enriched uranium to Turkey in a nuclear fuel swap deal, in Tehran, Iran, Monday, May 17, 2010. Iran agreed Monday to ship most of its enriched uranium to Turkey in a nuclear fuel swap deal that could ease the international standoff over the country's disputed nuclear program, just as pressure mounts for tougher sanctions. (AP Photo/Vahid Salemi)

Spain Financial Crisis and Measures:Increasing taxes

Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, the prime minister, on Wednesday outlined a series of measures that will include a suspension in automatic increases to retirement pensions, a drop in overseas aid and a reduction in government investment.

He said 13,000 civil service jobs would be cut in 2010, with public sector wages frozen in 2011.

Mr Zapatero was fleshing out the details of a €15bn plan announced on Sunday for deeper spending cuts to reduce Spain's deficit from 11.2pc of GDP last year to 9.3pc in 2010, and eventually to 3pc in 2013.

Spain eased out of recession with 0.1 percent growth in first quarter compared to the preceeding quarter, the government statistics' office said in a preliminary report Wednesday.

Regional governments will also be asked to make €1.2bn in savings from their budgets and the Spanish Cabinet would vote on cuts and 2011 budget spending on Friday, he said.

Core eurozone government bond futures turned negative in response to the plan with markets giving it a cautious thumbs-up.

Spain, Europe's fifth largest economy, entered its recession in the second quarter of 2008 as the global financial meltdown compounded a crisis in the Spanish property market, which had been a major driver for growth in the preceding years.

The economy continued to contract until the fourth quarter of 2009 when it shrank 0.1pc, according to the statistics office.

Spain is the last major world economy to emerge from recession.

  • France's economy grew 0.1pc in the first quarter of 2010, the smallest rise in a year amid stagnant consumer spending, according to preliminary figures released Wednesday by the state statistics agency. The previous three quarters had been marked by a gradual rise from France's worst recession since the Second World War.


The Government is reported to be looking at increasing taxes on high earners. Deputy Prime Minister, María Teresa Fernández de la Vega, said on Tuesday that nothing was being ruled out, and that the Government could call for a greater effort from ‘those who have most capacity’.
In the face of continuing confusion as to what is happening to pensions she also said that they would not be frozen until 2012, saying pensioners would get more in 2011 than in 2010. Here she called for calm from the citizens saying that pensions are not being cut, but would stay as they are and their purchasing power would be maintained. The Prime Minister has also launched a similar message.
De la Vega also called for ‘responsibility’ form Previous Prime Minister, José María Aznar, following his article on Monday in the Financial Times where he analysed Spain’s economic situation. The Deputy Prime Minister said he was making claims which did not help or support.

Minister for Tax and the Economy, Elena Salgado, has said that she thinks the European Commission will approve the new austerity plan presented by the Spanish Government. She said she does not think the EU executive will request for any more tax rises in Spain. EU finance ministers are meeting today in Brussels.
One of the first decisions from the ECOFIN meeting today has been, despite opposition from Britain, to strengthen the controls on hedge funds. 80% of European hedge funds are placed in London.

Concerning news for the Spanish Treasury, which has failed to reach the forecast minimum sale in the latest bond auction. On offer were bonds over 12 and 18 months offering an interest rate of 2,05% or 1.69%, 80% higher than in previous offers. 6.43 billion was sold, while the objective was to sell between 6.5 and 7.5 billion.

The OCU consumers’ union has said they found 523 faults in 193 journeys taken by taxis, and have concluded that things have not improved in the sector since their last study in 2001. Most frequent abuses are carried out by taxi drivers in Sevilla, Bilbao and Madrid. Among the problems, a lack of information on tariffs, no data to identify the vehicle, or unjustified diversions from the quickest route. Taxi prices have risen by 58% since 2001.

Vodafone España has announced income down 7.6% saying that they have been affected by the ‘difficult economic environment’. The company says that the new obligation for pre-paid clients to identify and register led to the loss of 375,000 clients over the past year. Income for the company’s fiscal year which ended on March 31 was 6.45 million. The company did note that the fall in income was moderating towards the end of the year.

The bad debt level has fallen for the first time in six months to stand at 5.33% for February. However compared to a year ago the rate is up 1.07%

The Ministry for Industry has released data which has shown the commercial deficit has fallen by 12% thanks to increased exports. Main exports over the first quarter of the year were in the automobile sector.

Spain is falling back from the rest of Europe regarding internet use. Spain has made little progress since 2009 with 21.5% of inhabitants now connected with a high speed line, 3.3% below the EU average and well below the level in countries such as Denmark, 37.8%, and Holland, 37.7%.
Only 54% of Spanish homes have the internet, placing Spain in 21st place in the list of 27 EU countries. Curiously 94% of businesses have broadband Internet, placing Spain number 2 in the EU.
The numbers come from the annual report on Telecommunications from the European Commission.

And finally,
The IBEX 35 was trading up over 2.5% at lunchtime, back above the 9,500 level.

Intel CEO on Innovation, Global Economy

Intel CEO Paul Otellini on hosting the International Science and Engineering Fair and the global economy.

Sunday, May 16, 2010


Hi everybody! Just wanted to let u know that Dante & Nicola were born around 8am today. Mom & the kids are doing great. We r SOOOO happy!!
Dante and Nicola have born today at 8 am in San Antonio , US, !!!!
All fans and friends , are so happy sharing this new with him and his family wishing the best !Congratulations !!!!!

Friday, May 14, 2010

Sony Laptop the P Series

The P Series also includes an all new touch pad that’s actually built into the LCD bezel, offering a fresh alternative to the traditional track pad. Plus, with an integrated accelerometer that can detect the display’s orientation, you can now turn the P Series on either side and automatically change the view from landscape to portrait mode. This feature perfect for reading long e-mails, documents or web pages that it would otherwise have to constantly be scrolling through. And due to popular demand, also included our instant access WEB and ASSIST buttons that have been featured on other recent VAIO models
the new P Series comes in five new vibrant colors – electric orange, neon green, hot pink, icy white and classic black. And yes, in case you were wondering, there will also be an array of perfectly color coordinated carrying cases, wireless mice and other accessories to match.

Wednesday, May 12, 2010

Globalization is a Myth?

Rugman writes in his new book, The End of Globalization. "The vast majority of manufacturing and service activity is organized regionally, not globally. Multinational enterprises are the engines of international business--and they think regionally and act locally."

This contrarian view does not come from the fringes of society. Rugman, a British-born Canadian citizen, has taught at Toronto and Oxford and now holds a chair at Indiana University's Kelley School of Business. He also claims to be one of the five most-cited scholars in international business, having published some 30 books and more than 200 journal articles.

Rugman argues that there are three regional groupings, a triad, composed of North America (principally the United States), the European Union, and Japan. Within each of these regional groupings, trade is dominated by the multinational enterprises peculiar to it. There are virtually no truly global businesses, he claims, for even giants such as McDonald's and Coca-Cola tailor their products to the local market. Consumer electronics and high value-added goods with low transportation costs are the only exceptions.

There is little economic interaction among the three regional groupings. Even direct foreign investment takes place almost exclusively within a particular grouping. Rugman's statistics clearly indicate that most manufacturing activity is within regions, and service activities likewise "are essentially local and regional." Not only are these basic economic factors not creating globalization, but they are also far from creating a "homogenized global culture." As living standards rise, multinational enterprises "respond to the growth in divergent tastes with niche products and services."

Rugman criticizes globalization's foes, such as nongovernmental organizations, as unrepresentative and irresponsible; he argues that they ultimately hurt the interests of the poor they claim to champion. (And of course globalization's critics could counter that Rugman and his ilk neglect to discuss such important global problems as the environment.) He is, however, resigned to their influence. They are part of a dynamic about which he is pessimistic: "NGO activities, the probable withdrawal of the United States from the [World Trade Organization], its lack of commitment to free trade, and the dissolution of the postwar consensus about the virtues of free trade will lead to the end of globalization. But globalization was a myth anyway."

Business talks globally but thinks regionally and acts locally.

McDonald's and Coke are not as globalized as they seem, argues economist Alan Rugman of Indiana University. Globalization was not killed by the Seattle riots of 1999 or the Asian financial crisis, he says.

Another force countering globalization is the nation-state, which, in Rugman's view, is far from dead. In a world economy dominated by the triad blocs, nation-states "still make the rules, imposing regulations such as environmental and health codes." But national factors are not as rigid as before. "As the service sector increases its dominance of economic activity, the borders of the nationstate become less rigid," he notes, and "virtually all service sectors are now more regionally... based than is manufacturing."

Contrary to the views of many, Rugman believes that the Internet makes no real difference in globalization: "The Internet is a service vehicle, which is used for communication and, perhaps in the future, for entertainment services," he points out. "It is not able to bring people and goods together physically--it can only transmit messages and orders for business goods and services, which still need to be delivered locally." Like the telephone and the satellite, it "provides a global service for local users."

The current situation requires new thinking by managers of multinational enterprises. "Trying to design and implement a global strategy is no longer appropriate. Instead, a triad strategy is required," says Rugman. His message to managers: "Think regional, act local; forget global."

Victor Ferkiss is an emeritus professor of government at Georgetown University, a member of the World Future Society board of directors, and the author of Nature, Technology and Society (New York University Press, 1993).

Cameron Takes Over as British Premier After Brown Resigns

LONDON — Britain’s Conservatives returned to power on Tuesday after 13 years in opposition when David Cameron, who has built his future on a claim to have recast the party of Margaret Thatcher for a new century as more compassionate and less class-bound, took over as prime minister from Labour’s Gordon Brown.

Five days after a general election that left the Conservatives 20 seats short of a majority, Mr. Cameron, 43, cobbled together an awkward alliance with the Liberal Democrats to form the first coalition government since World War II.

The strength of that partnership will be tested immediately by the financial crisis facing Europe and Britain’s high levels of debt, which will call for deep and unpopular spending cuts. The new government will be under pressure to act swiftly to appease restive markets, which have threatened to batter the pound and downgrade Britain’s debt unless bold measures are taken.

Nick Clegg, the Liberal Democrats’ leader, will be deputy prime minister. The Conservatives and Liberal Democrats are far apart on many issues, from immigration to relations with Europe, and full details on what each conceded will not be public until Wednesday. But aides to Mr. Clegg said the Liberal Democrats would have five ministers in the new government, including Vince Cable, a former oil economist who has called for sharp spending cuts. The Liberal Democrats’ prized issue of electoral reform would be put to a voter referendum, though in its least far-reaching form.

The transfer of power took place with the swiftness characteristic of Britain’s parliamentary system. Less than 75 minutes after Mr. Brown fast-forwarded events by an earlier-than-expected resignation announcement at a lectern in Downing Street, Mr. Cameron stood at the same lectern as Britain’s new leader. In between, both men had met with Queen Elizabeth II to make the transfer formal.

Mr. Cameron has spoken of Britain’s need to undergo “an age of austerity” to try to shrink a $240 billion black hole in the government’s annual accounts, largely a result of prodigious levels of deficit spending by Labour during the global recession of the past two years. In his Downing Street remarks, he made clear that fiscal toughness would be a hallmark of his government.

“We are going to have hard and difficult things to do,” he said.

But the new prime minister also struck a note that echoed the inaugural address of one of his political heroes, President John F. Kennedy. He asked fellow Britons to turn their backs on a culture of selfishness, indiscipline and reliance on state benefits that Labour’s Conservative critics have depicted as characteristic of its years in power.

“And I want to help build a more responsible society in Britain — one where we don’t just ask ‘What are my entitlements?’ but ‘What are my responsibilities?’ ” Mr. Cameron said, “One where we don’t just ask ‘What am owed?’ but ‘What can I give?’ ”

He also used a brief tribute to Mr. Brown to sketch the compassionate ideals he outlined in the campaign, in an effort to remold his party from the no-nonsense, free-market, stridently anti-Soviet beliefs that drove Lady Thatcher’s 11 years in office.

“Compared with 10 years ago, this country is more fair at home, and more compassionate abroad,” Mr. Cameron said, attributing much of the credit for the changes to Mr. Brown.

Mr. Brown served 10 years as chancellor of the Exchequer in the government of Prime Minister Tony Blair after the landslide that brought Labour to power in 1997, then succeeded Mr. Blair when he left office in 2007.

Even before Mr. Cameron went to Buckingham Palace to accept Queen Elizabeth II’s invitation to form a government, speculation centered on how long the pact with the Liberal Democrats would last. The party, which emerged in 1988 from a merger between a Labour breakaway group called the Social Democrats and the old Liberal Party, remains an often fractious mix of two competing traditions, with an older left-of-center group and a younger group around Mr. Clegg that is seen as more centrist and focused on issues of economic fairness, ecological responsibility and human rights.

Many Conservatives said they doubted that the Liberal Democrats could hold to the pledges they were believed to have made to the Conservatives, especially on measures to cut the government deficit and to introduce new discipline to Britain’s prodigiously expensive welfare state.

But some analysts said they expected Mr. Cameron to concentrate for a year on measures to stabilize the economy, husbanding ties with the Liberal Democrats as he goes. Aides to the new prime minister said Mr. Clegg had agreed to an austerity package that would be softened by Conservative concessions on issues at the heart of the Liberal Democrats’ election campaign, including relief for the poorest taxpayers and abandonment of a Conservative pledge to eliminate inheritance taxes on any estate valued at less than $1.5 million. But after that, these analysts said, Mr. Cameron might be tempted to call a new election in a bid to win a majority.

Minutes after stepping into 10 Downing Street, which serves prime ministers as office and home, Mr. Cameron took his first congratulatory telephone call as Britain’s new leader from President Obama, who invited him and his wife, Samantha, to visit Washington in June.

source: New York Times

Sunday, May 9, 2010

UK Elections Results 2010: UK May Go Into Election Again Within a Year

UK Elections Results 2010 : The center right Conservatives were dominating in the election on Thursday, as they had majority of the parliamentary seats, but fell just 20 seats short of the 650 seats in the Parliament.

The Conservatives and the Ruling Party were trying their best, to convince the Small Opposition Democrats into their respective parties on the basis of power sharing. But as we all know that, it’s a rare situation where the British electoral system actually pronounces a clear winner.

The Conservatives were very optimistic about the power sharing agreements, and as the analysts came up stating, the Liberal Democrats, ending up with any of the governments as on the basis of power sharing, the chances of such a deal is formidable.

For them, they saw a weak and a minority government rather than a strong and a firm government of David Cameron, which was ruling without power sharing agreements. It seems it won’t soon enough before David approaches the voters for electing a stronger mandate.
Politics Lecturer at the Manchester University, Andrew Russell, came up with a conclusion that the odds of the next election to come up will be well before a year in the present government’s term, until they come up with a strong and reliable partnership agreement.

Mark Wickham-Jones, Political Science Professor at the Bristol University, also agreed about idea of the next election to come up very soon.

Monday, May 3, 2010

Laptop or Netbook

Laptop or Netbook?

Working with Intel, a lot of people imagine that you get free computer chips galore and laptops piling high in your garage. Sadly, it isn't true. But being a technology enthusiast, I do tend to be very interested in the latest PCs.

Lately I have been looking over the weekly ads looking for some inspiration on what to buy for a new laptop. I have really zeroed in on 2 categories because I definitely want to go mobile: laptop and netbook. While I definitely like full-sized laptops, the one feature I continue to want is really good energy efficiency. Since my desire is to go mobile, I want whatever I get to last a good long time on one charge and not to be plugged in all the time.

The other challenge has been that I also like bigger screens. Unfortunately, the bigger your LCD screen, the less battery life you typically get. So while svelte 10" and 11" screens really sip electricity, the luxurious 16" and 17" screens take bigger slurps. The other side effect is that the bigger your screen, the heavier your laptop gets. It seems that the perfect laptop requires a sort of zen mastery of size, weight, battery cells and the perfect blend of components. Well for me, it all starts with Intel inside but there are so many great choices it is hard to decide!

As I looked around a local computer retailer, it became clear to me that the 10 and 11" screens common on netbooks simply weren't big enough for me personally. I had visited a few of my local retailers and discovered that netbooks were an acceptable experience for web basics. However, I really am a multi-
tasker at heart. I was willing to live without an optical drive (netbooks typically don't have them) but I really do value snappy performance. Sorry Mr. netbook.

Now the choice became whether to get an Ultra Thin Laptop with one of Intel's ULV processors:

Or one of the sexy new 2010 Core(TM) i5 processor-based laptops:

I really liked the Ultra Thin laptops. Some of them have AMAZING battery life. But I have to admit that I really wanted a 15" or bigger screen and at minimum an Intel Core i3 processor. One trick that I have been using since I no longer subscribe to a newspaper is to click the weekly ads link from the big box retailers. Doing this every Sunday morning gives you all the great deals of the week. I also regularly checked in with online retailers. But I found that there are a number of new sites that search for the deals for you! This one is regularly featured on

These can save you a lot of time and turn up some great online coupons (use your favorite search engine for even more options). So what did I finally get? I found a terrific deal on a Core i5 laptop with a 17" screen. One of the more remarkable things I learned was that I could actually get pretty good battery life with a 17" screen if I used the new 2010 Core family! And it's not terribly heavy (6.3lbs ). So far I have been really pleased with the performance. It's a little slower than my Core i7 desktop but it's still got plenty of snap.

Brazil opens world's first ethanol-fired power plant

Brazil opened the world's first ethanol-fueled power plant in an effort by the South American biofuels giant to increase the global use of ethanol and boost its clean power generation.

State-run oil giant Petrobras and General Electric, which helped design the plant, are betting that increased use of ethanol generation by green-conscious countries will boost demand for the product.

Brazil, the top global ethanol exporter, is already in talks with Japan to develop biofuels power generation there.

"We have great expectations to show the viability and economy of generating electricity alternative feedstock to fossil fuels," Maria das Gracas Foster, head of Petrobras' natural gas division, said.

Petrobras with the help of GE upgraded the 87-megawatt power plant to switch between running on natural gas or ethanol instantaneously. Brazil primarily relies on hydroelectric power but needs backup thermoelectric generation during the dry season.

John Ingham, Latin America products director for GE, said tests showed switching the plant to ethanol reduced carbon dioxide emissions without lowering energy output.

GE has around 770 turbines like those used in the Juiz de Fora plant, including many in Japan, that could be converted to run on ethanol, he said.

"A plant like that consumes a lot of ethanol, so it has to be in a place that makes sense (such as) places that have no access to gas, like Japan, some islands, or places that depend heavily on diesel like the Amazon region," he said.

Brazil is expected to produce a record 27.8 billion liters of ethanol in the 2009-2010 season. It began its biofuels program 30 years ago and now mandates a minimum 20 percent of ethanol in gasoline.

Petrobras itself is only starting to enter the ethanol market. Brazil's ethanol production comes from sugar cane milled by companies such as Cosan or commodities giants including Cargill, Bunge, and ADM.

Domestic demand for ethanol is being driven by the popularity of the flex-fuel car technology that was launched in 2003 and now makes up around 90 percent of new vehicle sales.

source ; reuters

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Alan Boyle Science editor
As's science editor, Alan Boyle runs a virtual curiosity shop of the physical sciences and space exploration, plus paleontology, archaeology and other ologies that strike his fancy. Since joining in 1996, Boyle has won awards from the National Academies, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the National Association of Science Writers, the Society of Professional Journalists, the Space Frontier Foundation, the Pirelli Relativity Challenge and the CMU Cybersecurity Journalism Awards program. He is the author of "The Case for Pluto," a contributor to "A Field Guide for Science Writers," the blogger behind Cosmic Log: Bacteria can walk on 'legs' — and an occasional talking head on the MSNBC cable channel. During his 33 years of daily journalism in Cincinnati, Spokane and Seattle, he’s survived a hurricane, a volcanic eruption, a total solar eclipse and an earthquake. He has faith he'll survive the Internet as well.

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