Communications over the world wide doesnt depend on sytax or eloquence or rethoric or articulation but on the emotional context in which the message is being heard.
People can only hear you when they are moving toward you and they are not likely to when your wordss are pursuing them
Even the choices words lose their powe when they are used to overpower.
Attitudes are the real figures of speech '-Friedman

Saturday, October 30, 2010

Intel and the Open Data Center Alliance

Product brief
As the Internet continues to grow and pose new challenges, the latest one being the Cloud, it became necessary to form an independent consortium put together by Intel. It has over 70 global IT managers with a mission to resolve key IT challenges and fulfill cloud infrastructure needs. They hope to do it by creating an open, vendor-neutral Usage Model Roadmap, through an organization called the Open Data Center Alliance.
As the Internet continues to grow and pose new challenges, the latest one being the Cloud, it became necessary to form an independent consortium put together by Intel. It has over 70 global IT managers with a mission to resolve key IT challenges and fulfill cloud infrastructure needs. They hope to do it by creating an open, vendor-neutral Usage Model Roadmap, through an organization called the Open Data Center Alliance.
By 2015, when the cloud is set to make significant inroads, there should be major population growth that will affect the Internet. There should be another 15 billion devices on the Internet in 2015. Therefore, the Cloud 2015 vision put forth by the Data Center Alliance is to simplify virtual computing. They will pursue a three-pronged approach to reach that goal. First, there will be Federated data, so clients can share data, more securely and with fewer problems like data corruption. Then, there should be more automated efficiency, i.e., moving data around should be easier. Finally, the cloud should be “client-aware,” which means that the cloud API must be device aware, taking into account whether a user is on a phone or on a laptop. Communication between the players will be key in achieving the initiative’s goals of increased efficiency and decreased IT spending.

The design comes from the Usage Model Roadmap, which defines usage model requirements and reference architectures to resolve key IT challenges, as well as fulfill cloud infrastructure needs.

Wednesday, October 27, 2010

Latin America: High-Tech Manufacturing on the Rise, but Outpaced by East Asia

by Derek Hill Send an e-mail message to the author

The global market for high-technology goods—aircraft, pharmaceuticals, communications equipment, and computer and office machinery[1]—has been growing rapidly and is a key sector driving worldwide economic growth.[2] Over the last two decades, high-tech manufacturing has grown in importance in the United States, Western Europe, Japan, and—more recently—the newly industrialized economies (NIEs) of East Asia.[3] Since these industries have become an important source of growth, a key question is whether other developing and emerging countries can harness them to foster their growth. This InfoBrief examines high-tech production and trade trends in seven Latin American countries. These countries accounted for 85 and 90 percent, respectively, of economic output and research and development expenditures in Latin America in 1996.[4]


High-tech manufacturing grew substantially over the last decade in Latin America.

High-tech manufacturing grew substantially over the last decade in Latin America. The combined production of seven Latin American countries-Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Venezuela—increased 93 percent between 1991 and 2000, rising from $27 billion to $52 billion (figure 1).[5] This increase was lower, however, than growth in worldwide production, which rose by 107 percent over the same period. Nevertheless, high-tech manufacturing in Latin America has become an increasingly important source of economic growth. By 2000, high-tech manufacturing accounted for 6 percent of total manufacturing production in the seven countries, nearly 50 percent greater than in 1991.

Figure 1. High-technology manufacturing production in selected Latin American countries
Figure 1 Source Data: Excel file

The rapid growth in high-tech manufacturing occurred as many Latin American countries opened their economies to trade and foreign investment and privatized their state-owned enterprises to spur economic growth. This approach was a departure from largely unsuccessful government initiatives in the 1970s and 1980s that developed indigenous high-tech industries protected from foreign competition.[6]

The liberalization of trade and investment resulted in a swift rise in foreign direct investment (FDI) to the entire region, which increased from $11 billion in 1991 to $67 billion in 2000. Brazil and Mexico have been the largest recipients of FDI in the region and accounted for an estimated 60 percent of total FDI to the region in 2000. After opening up their manufacturing sectors in the early 1990s, these countries shifted to liberalizing and privatizing their service industries, including banking, utilities, and retail. Accordingly, FDI has shifted into services and away from manufacturing. In Brazil, the manufacturing sector received 24 percent of the estimated $30 billion in FDI in 2000 compared to 55 percent of total FDI in 1995. In Mexico, manufacturing received 46 percent of the estimated $11 billion in FDI in 2000 compared to 61 percent during the 1995-99 period.[7]

Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico dominate high-tech manufacturing in Latin America, accounting for over 90 percent of total high-tech production in 2000 for the seven Latin American countries examined. Brazil had the highest share (49 percent), followed by Mexico (34 percent) and Argentina (10 percent) (figure 1). As a share of the entire manufacturing sector, however, high-tech manufacturing was most prominent in Costa Rica in part due to Intel's establishment of a semi-conductor plant (figure 2). This contributed to Costa Rica having the highest ratio of R&D spending to gross domestic product (GDP) in Latin America.[8]

Figure 2. Economic significance of high-tech industries in selected Latin American countries: 2000
Figure 2 Source Data: Excel file

The pharmaceuticals industry accounts for the largest share of total high-tech production in Latin America; over the 1991–2000 period, production rose 40 percent to reach an estimated $18.6 billion in the seven countries (figure 3). Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico together accounted for 86 percent of production of the seven countries in this sector, and growth in the latter two countries was very rapid over the decade. The Latin American pharmaceuticals market is dominated by multinational companies based in Europe and North America, including Glaxo Wellcome, Pfizer, and Roche; such entities account for 9 of the top 10 companies in the region.[9] Ache Laboratories, a company based in Brazil, is the only regional company in the top 10. Local firms may, however, have greater presence in individual country markets, partly because patent laws in many Latin American countries permit local companies to produce generic versions of drugs produced by multinationals.[10]

Figure 3. Composition of high-tech manufacturing production in selected Latin American countries: 2000
Figure 3 Source Data: Excel file

The next largest high-tech sector—communications equipment—had estimated production of $17.3 billion in 2000, a 48 percent increase over the 1991 level. Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico are key producers in this industry; in 2000, they accounted for 96 percent of the industry's combined production in the seven Latin American countries examined. Multinationals, notably Motorola, General Electric, Nippon, Sony, and Philips, have a dominant presence in this market with combined sales in the region of $11.8 billion in 1999, of which 98 percent were in Brazil and Mexico.[11]

Although it is not Latin America's largest high-tech industry, computer and office machinery grew more rapidly than pharmaceuticals or communications equipment during this period. Production increased from $1.7 billion to an estimated $11.7 billion during the 1991–2000 period—a more than sixfold rise. This growth was driven by Mexico and Brazil, which together accounted for an estimated 96 percent of this industry's total seven-country production in 2000. Mexico's gain in computers was especially remarkable, with production increasing by $6.5 billion since 1991 to reach an estimated $6.8 billion in 2000. Multinationals also have a significant presence in this sector, including IBM, Intel, Hewlett Packard, Compaq, and Xerox, which had combined sales in 1999 of $14.5 billion in the region. Brazil and Mexico were the biggest markets for these companies, accounting for $10.8 billion in sales in 1999.[12]

The factors behind the rapid growth of Mexico's computer industry include preferential trade access and close geographical proximity to the United States market, an inexpensive labor force, and changes in business production. Mexico's preferential trade access to the United States has been through two key agreements, the U.S. Mexican Maquiladora[13] (twin plant, or production sharing) Program, and, more recently, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) signed in 1994. These agreements encouraged the United States and other multinationals to set up intermediate (maquiladora) and final production plants to take advantage of lower U.S. tariffs. Meanwhile, corporate strategies by the United States and other foreign companies evolved to meet real-time demand and resulted in computer companies outsourcing their manufacturing activities to concentrate exclusively on R&D in their home countries.[14] According to the U.S. Census Bureau's Foreign Trade Division, U.S. imports of information (computer and telecommunication) products from Mexico rose from $0.7 million to $7.3 billion between 1990 and 1999.

The aircraft sector had the smallest share of total high-tech production in Latin America (9 percent) but experienced explosive growth in production, rising from $0.2 billion in 1991 to an estimated $4.6 billion in 2000. A Brazilian company, Embraer, accounted for virtually all production in Latin America and has had worldwide success with its short-haul commercial airplane and military aircraft.[15] Embraer originated as a heavily subsidized public venture that successfully transitioned to a world class company.[16] Three key factors appear to underlie its success—close ties to and reliance on research and trained graduates from public institutions, focus on export markets, and adept use of government finance.[17]


Over the 1991–2000 period, two-way high-tech trade in the seven Latin American countries expanded by more than $70 billion, rising from $15.4 billion to $85.6 billion (table 1).[18] High-tech manufacturing has become more reliant on trade than other manufacturing industries, as measured by trade intensity (the combined value of exports and imports as a share of production). In 2000, trade intensity in high-tech manufacturing was more than 150 percent compared to 62 percent in the entire manufacturing sector. However, Mexico skews these results; trade intensity is considerably less excluding Mexico, although the pattern of greater intensity in high-tech relative to overall manufacturing (87 percent versus 51 percent) holds for the other six countries.

Several distinct patterns of high-tech trade emerged in Latin America during the 1991–2000 decade (table 1).

  • Argentina, Chile, Colombia, and Venezuela are primarily importers of high-tech goods, and they increased their reliance on imports during this period.
  • Brazil was also a net importer during this period, but its trade intensity is much lower relative to other Latin American countries. Brazil's large domestic market and its indigenous capability in some areas, such as aircraft, would be consistent with its more limited reliance on trade.
  • Mexico and Costa Rica shifted from net importers to net exporters of high-tech goods during this period:

    • The factors driving Mexico's success in computers were also important for its success in other areas of high-tech trade. The country's high-tech exports increased from less than $400 million in 1991 to nearly $33 billion in 2000—by which time, they accounted for more than 80 percent of total high-tech exports from these seven Latin American countries. However, Mexico's export success may have limited impact on the domestic economy since the maquiladoras and final assembly plants at the U.S. border are weakly linked and geographically isolated from the domestic economy.[19]

    • In the case of Costa Rica, several key factors were crucial for the decisions of Intel and others to invest: the government's liberalization of trade and investment, political stability, geographical proximity to the United States, and a highly educated workforce and good education system relative to other Latin American countries.[20]
Table 1. Latin American trade by high-technology industries:  1991, 1995, and 2000
Table 1 Source Data: Excel file

The United States was the primary recipient and beneficiary of the expansion in Latin America high-technology trade. According to data from the OECD, the share of U.S. high-tech manufacturing imports from Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico nearly doubled, rising from 5.3 percent in 1991 to 10 percent, amounting to $19.3 billion in 1998 (table 2).[21] Similarly U.S. exports of these goods to these Latin American countries rose rapidly from $6.9 billion in 1991 to $20.6 billion, accounting for nearly 11 percent of U.S. high-tech exports in 1998. Costa Rica also has become a significant trader with the United States, with exports of high-tech goods to the United States amounting to $3.2 billion in 1999.[22] In addition to its major trade ties, the United States is also a key investor in the region. In 2000, U.S. FDI in the Latin American manufacturing sector was $2.9 billion, 7 percent of a total worldwide $41.9 billion for this sector.[23]

Table 2. High-tech manufacturing imports by United States, Western Europe, and Japan from three Latin American and seven East Asian countries: 1991 and 1998
Table 2 Source Data: Excel file

In contrast to the United States, high-tech exports from Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico made little headway in Western Europe or Japan. Their exports remained below 0.5 percent of the share of combined high-tech imports of six major Western European economies—the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, and the Netherlands. Spain was the only country where the import share of the three Latin American countries increased, rising from 0.4 percent to 1.2 percent between 1991 and 1998. However, the dollar value of exports was small, amounting to less than $200 million in 1998.

Comparison with Emerging Economies

Despite the dynamism of high-tech manufacturing industries in Latin America, they were outperformed during the 1990s by East Asian economies. In Asia's combined NIEs production rose by an average of 15 percent per year between 1991 and 2000. In other emerging Asian economies—China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, and Thailand—production rose at the same average rate as the NIEs. Comparable annual growth in Latin America was just 7 percent. Moreover, high-tech industries play a significantly larger role in Asian economies, accounting for 31 and 11 percent, respectively, of overall manufacturing in the NIEs and the other emerging Asian economies. Another difference is that communications equipment and office and computer machinery are far more prominent in the Asian countries than in Latin America as a share of high-tech and overall manufacturing.[24] In trade, the NIEs, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, and Thailand, were far more successful in increasing their market share with substantial gains in their share of exports to the United States, Western Europe, and Japan. The collective market share of these nine Asian countries rose from 10 percent in 1991 to 17 percent of Western European imports, or $46.5 billion in 1998 (table 2). High-tech exports from East Asian countries greatly increased their presence in Japan, with their share of Japanese high-tech imports rising from 23 percent in 1991 to 42 percent in 1998.

Latin America's performance was more comparable to three emerging countries outside of East Asia—India, Poland, and South Africa. Their high-tech manufacturing accounts for 4-6 percent of their total manufacturing production, a level of intensity roughly similar to most Latin America countries. The pharmaceutical industry in these countries is the dominant industry in high-tech production as it is in Latin America. High-tech production in India and Poland grew rapidly during 1991-2000, increasing at an average annual rate of 11 percent, higher than Latin America but lower than the growth rate in East Asia. In trade with industrialized countries, India and Poland increased their share of imports in Western Europe but did not gain market share in Japan or the United States.

Future Prospects

Latin American countries, particularly Brazil, Costa Rica, and Mexico have made important strides in production and trade in high-technology manufacturing. These industries have become an important source of economic growth. High-tech manufacturing is associated with benefits such as innovation, higher value added production,[25] success in foreign markets, and spillover effects for other sectors of the economy. For example, these industries have a higher value added (as share of production) compared to the other manufacturing industries in most countries though the share fell in the 1990s (figure 4). Moreover, these industries may help support higher compensation to the workers they employ, and foreign-owned industries may be an important source of technology transfer that could bolster indigenous capability.[26]

Figure 4. Value added in high-tech and other manufacturing industries, expressed as share of production, in selected Latin American countries:  1991-2000
Figure 4 Source Data: Excel file

The crucial issue is whether these countries can continue to consolidate their progress and compete successively in the world market. Economic liberalization appears to have been a major factor in stimulating foreign investment into high-tech manufacturing, which has been the prime driver of production. However, future success may hinge on factors such as political stability, access to capital, and infrastructure and institutions that can support technological and economic development. A set of four leading indicators designed to project future export potential in high-technology manufacturing provides a means of assessing the prospects of Latin American countries compared with other economies such as those of Asia.[27] According to these indicators, Argentina, Mexico, and Venezuela generally scored lower than East Asian and other emerging economies, primarily in terms of government policy and entrepreneurship (components of "national orientation") and the quality of skilled labor and local suppliers (components of "productive capacity").[28] Brazil, with higher scores on these indicators, ended up with a rating comparable to that of other emerging economies. Mexico's relatively low ratings, both within the Latin American countries and compared to other emerging economies, suggest that it could face challenges in sustaining its progress.

Table 3. Indicators of technological competitiveness: 1999 (index)
Table 3 Source Data: Excel file

This InfoBrief was prepared by:

Derek Hill
National Science Foundation
Science and Engineering Indicators Program
Division of Science Resources Statistics
4201 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 965
Arlington, VA 22230

Murió el ex presidente argentino Néstor Kirchner - Observador global

Murió el ex presidente argentino Néstor Kirchner - Observador global

El marido de la actual presidenta, Cristina Fernández, sufrió un paro cardiorrespiratorio con muerte súbita. Había ingresado esta mañana al hospital José Formenti de la ciudad de El Calafate, acompañado por su esposa.

Imagen de Murió el ex presidente argentino Néstor Kirchner
El ex presidente argentino, Néstor Kirchner, sufrió un paro cardiorrespiratorio con muerte súbita - AP

Néstor Kirchner, ex presidente entre 2003 y 2007 y marido de la actual presidenta de Argentina, Cristina Fernández, murió de un infarto fulminante a los 60 años en El Calafate, al sur del país, informó el médico presidencial Luis Buonomo.

Kirchner, que tenía un largo historial de dolencias cardiacas, "falleció a raíz de un episodio de muerte súbita", explicó Buonomo a los periodistas en Buenos Aires, poco antes de viajar a El Calafate. El Secretario General de la UNASUR se encontraba con su esposa y mandataria Cristina Kirchner en la residencia familiar de la provincia de Santa Cruz cuando sufrió una descompensación y debió ser trasladado a un hospital de urgencia.

Su muerte cayó por sorpresa en Argentina, que se encuentra además paralizada por un feriado decretado para realizar el censo nacional. En la Casa Rosada, la sede de la presidencia en Buenos Aires, la bandera ondeaba a media asta. Se veían flores y un mensaje colocado en la reja daba ánimo a Cristina Fernández: "Fuerza Sra. Presidenta".

Deja dos hijos, Máximo, de 32 años, y Florencia, de 19, fruto de su matrimonio con Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, a quien conoció mientras ambos estudiaban Derecho en la Universidad de La Plata y compartían la militancia en la Juventud Peronista en los años 70.

El vicepresidente, Julio Cobos, expresó su conmoción por la muerte de Kirchner y aseguró que "seguramente el velatorio será en el transcurso del día de hoy". Una vez que el cuerpo esté listo, será trasladado a Buenos Aires, Capital Federal, donde será velado en el Congreso de la Nación, en la sede del poder legislativo.

Cuando era presidente, en 2004, tuvo que ser operado de una afección gástrica que superó con éxito. A comienzos de este año, el 7 de febrero de 2010, el ex mandatario fue sometido a otra operación por una dolencia arterial, que también resultó satisfactoria. Pero el 12 de setiembre debió ser sometido a una angioplastia coronaria en la que se le colocó un "stent" en una de las coronarias obstruidas. Tras la operación, que generó una enorme repercusión mediática, a las pocas horas Kirchner participó de un acto político de su partido justicialista, lo que llamó la atención por la rapidez con que se repuso.


El Presidente paraguayo, Fernando Lugo, expresó su pesar por la noticia del fallecimiento de Kirchner."Estoy impactado por la sorpresiva muerte de un amigo y compañero de la construcción de una América Latina sin exclusiones", informó el gobernante. Portavoces del palacio de Gobierno informaron que Lugo se comunicó con el canciller Héctor Lacognata para coordinar los detalles referidos a la presencia paraguaya en los actos de despedida del ex mandatario argentino.

En nombre de Chile, el presidente Piñera envió sus "más sentidas y profundas condolencias a la presidenta Cristina Fernández y a todo el pueblo de Argentina". Anunció además que viajará para acompañar a la presidenta y esposa del mandatario fallecido en la ceremonia fúnebre. "Voy a viajar en el momento oportuno, cuando sepamos con precisión dónde, cómo y cuándo van a ser las ceremonias de entierro y los funerales del ex presidente Néstor Kirchner", señaló Piñera. "Esperamos que su muerte pueda revitalizar y fortalecer una de las causas de los últimos meses de su vida como secretario general de la Unasur, y crear una comunidad de democracias en América del Sur que se comprometa con eficacia y con voluntad en hacer de nuestro continente, un continente de paz, de democracia, de desarrollo, de progreso y de justicia", agregó.

El presidente de Brasil, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, recibió del embajador brasileño en Argentina la "noticia triste" del fallecimiento del ex mandatario Néstor Kirchner, a consecuencia de un problema cardíaco. "Acabamos de recibir una noticia triste, que el embajador nuestro en Argentina nos comunicó, de que acaba de fallecer de ataque cardíaco el ex presidente Néstor Kircher. (...) Fue nuestro embajador quien llamó para avisarnos", dijo el mandatario, según la grabación de su discurso difundida por la Presidencia.

Lula formuló estas declaraciones al final de una ceremonia para la inauguración de obras en la localidad de Itajaí, en el sureño estado de Santa Catarina, y fue él quien avisó a la prensa que lo acompaña sobre el deceso del ex presidente argentino.

Por su parte, el presidente venezolano, Hugo Chávez, lamentó a través de su cuenta en la red social Twitter la muerte del Secretario General de la UNASUR y envió condolencias a su viuda, la actual jefa de Estado Cristina Kirchner. "Ay mi querida Cristina... ¡Cuánto dolor!", escribió Chávez a través de su cuenta @chavezcandanga. "¡Qué gran pérdida sufre la Argentina y Nuestra América! ¡Viva Kirchner para siempre!", añadió el mandatario venezolano, un cercano aliado de los Kirchner.

En representación de Colombia, el presidente Juan Manuel Santos expresó sus condolencias a través de una comunicado. "Es una gran pérdida para Argentina y una gran pérdida para el continente", lamentó Santos, al pedir un minuto de silencio. Kirchner brindó sus buenos oficios para el reciente restablecimiento de las relaciones diplomáticas entre Colombia y Venezuela, al punto que participó de la cumbre en la que los presidentes Santos y Hugo Chávez acordaron reanudar los vínculos el pasado 10 de agosto en la ciudad colombiana de Santa Marta.

El canciller argentino Héctor Timmerman es esperado cerca del mediodía local en Bogotá, donde tenía previsto un encuentro con el presidente Santos y la canciller María Angela Holguín.

Saturday, October 23, 2010

6th Congress and Exposition Pharmaceutical and related Industries

ETIF 2010 is the 6th Congress and Exposition for the Pharmaceutical Industry and Related products. It was presented October 19-22, 2010 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The most important event in South America shows the important growth of the Pharmaceutical Industry with a high number of technological innovations presented by exhibitors regarding raw materials, consumables, industrial machines, packaging etc.

Normas y requisitos para el armado y gestión de un programa de calibración para equipos de laboratorio

Horacio Napolitano (Jenck S.A)

Soluciones a la problemática de la transferencia y adecuación de tecnología

Magdalena Nannei (LACES FARMA)

Conferencia Empresarial: AVICEL DG -

A Superior Exicpient for roller compaction and dry granulation

Gerard Thone (FMC)

Calificación de proveedores:Puntos críticos

Carlos Seitz


Ejemplos de puntos a controlar para distintos equipos usados en el laboratorio de la industria farmacéutica.

Estudio de caso

Horacio Napolitano (Jenck S.A)

Nuevas tendencias en el procesamiento aséptico:

Uso de sistemas desechables para la formulación de productos parenterales de bajo volumen

Sara Hernández (BioCen), Cuba

International and ANVISA

Tracealibility Requirements

Gilberto Rossi


Sistemas anti-falsificación de blisters

Horacio Nieco (Barrier Solution)

Particularidades en el desarrollo de formas farmacéuticas para veterinaria

María Emilia Szeliga (Bioeliga)

Controles en ambientes críticos Aldo Miniccilli (Honeywell)

CTD and regional Variations of CTD

Alessio Ferrari


Cómo evitar la contaminación cruzada

Mario Bielsa

(Biopore SRL)

Conferencia Empresarial: Aisladores: tendencias a nivel internacional

Mario Bielsa (Biopore S.R.L.)

Diseño: compromiso entre diseño y GMP

Carlos Luis Llorens

(Biglieri Llorens / Arquitectos)

Efecto de la esterilización en las propiedades mecánicas de las mangueras de silicona

George Carpenter y Christopher Mc Donald

(Saint Gobain Performance Plastics)


Estabilidad y exigencias legales en Latinoamérica

Adriana Segall

(Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica UBA)

Farmacovigilancia: aspectos regulatorios.

Actualización y tendencias

Roberto Diez (UBA)

Sistemas orales microparticulados, aspectos biofarmacéuticos y su perspectiva en la industria farmacéutica

Luis Dall (Bagó)

Operabilidad de áreas limpias a partir de las cascadas de aire

Diego Murano

(Casiba S.A.)

Conferencia Empresarial: Aisladores en aplicaciones de producción y de laboratorio

Loris Rinaldi (Comercer /Urban)

Buenas prácticas de almacenamiento:

Aspectos técnicos y regulatorios

Carlos Seitz

MENA and (Caspian Region or east Europe)

Pharmaceutical Markets and Regulations

Alessio Ferrari


Sistemas avanzados para de-clorinación: safter, cleaner and cheaper Aran Lavi

Valoración biológica

de biofármacos.

Conceptos generales y ejemplos

Sergio Pallotto (Laboratorio Pablo Cassará S.R.L.)

Seguridad y eficacia en cosmética

Silvia Pérez Damonte


Ingeniería de proyectos de plantas farmacéuticas

Hernán Chiterer

(Proyectos Farmacéuticos y E3 Central)

Aplicación de la norma ISO 15378 para envases primarios

Horacio Nieco

(Barrier Solution)

Investigación, desarrollo e innovación en cáncer en Argentina: modelo de vinculación público-privada.

Dra. Graciela Ciccia (Grupo Insud)

Aplicación de nuevas herramientas analíticas para bioequivalencia.

Estudio de caso

Rubén Olivera

(Jenck S.A.)

Biodisponibilidad de comprimidos de liberación modificada:

Guillermina Volonté (UNLP)

Aspectos críticos del proceso de producción de agua calidad farmacéutica

Darío Cardinali (Idenor)

Los costos y consecuencias de la “no calidad”.

Costos de reclamo

Sandra Rumiano

(Asesor de Empresas)

Centro de Biotecnología Industrial - INTI:

Desarrollar bioprocesos para la bioindustria

Dr. Alberto Díaz

Nuevas tecnologías de aisladores

Mario Bielsa

(Biopore S.R.L.)

Requierimientos de usuario.Ejemplos para el desarrollo de proyectos edilicios

Carlos Chiesa/ Walter Salvatore/ Walter Troia

Sistemas de aire en una planta de biotecnología

Diego Murano

(Casiba S.A.)

Estrategias para la optimización de cumplimiento de normas GMP en un laboratorio del estado

Berta Arenas

(Laboratorios Puntanos S.E)

Transferencia de tecnología

Dra. Mariana Berestein

(Fundacion Leloir)

Mesa redonda y taller: Isolators vs. salas asépticas

Mario Bielsa

(Biopore S.R.L.)

Conferencia Empresarial: Nuevas soluciones informáticas para laboratorios

Jimmy San Miguel Medina

(Agilent Technologies)

Conferencia Empresarial: Sistemas para generación de calidad inyectable según Farmacopea Europea

María Inés del Cerro (IPA)

Conferencia Empresarial: Soluciones verdes y sostenibles por medio de IAQ (Calidad del aire interior)

Gustavo León (Steril-Aire

International Regional Manager)

Regulación de fármacos biotecnológicos

Dra. Patricia Aprea (INAME)

Conferencia Empresarial: Tendencias de la industria farmacéutica: jeringas pre-llenadas

David Ral (Dara /Urban)

El personal y el equipamiento como factores críticos en las etapas de manufactura de inyectables

Pablo Corneo (GEMEPE)

Conferencia Empresarial: Films tradicionales utilizados para blister farmacéutico y nueva generación de película poliester

“kp vantage”

Guillermo Sessa (Klöckner Pentaplast)

Recomendaciones de uso de los films más empleados en blisters farmacéuticos

Guillermo Sessa (Klöckner Pentaplast)

Desafíos en el desarrollo de nuevos fármacos. Ciclo de vida.

Marta Vidal (Boehringer Ingelheim)

Conferencia Empresarial:Recent Advances in large - scale purification of biotherapeutics

Lothar Jacob (Merck Argentina)

Gestión del conocimiento (ICH): la virtualización de servidores como facilitador en la utilización

de software de apoyo para la gestión de garantía de calidad

Martín Dobovsek (Fac. Farmacia y Bioquímica, Cát. de Farmacotecnia II, UBA)

Biofármacos en Argentina

Dr. Mauricio Seigelchifer

(PharmADN SA)

Formulación y Estabilidad de Biofármacos

Augusto Pich Otero y Tirso Emiliano Vazquez

(Univerdad Nacional de La Plata)

Tecnología informática y calidad. El rol del área de sistemas en el cumplimiento regulatorio Ramiro Souto (SVS)

Últimos desarrollos en columnas de HPLC acopladas al nuevo sistema de cromatografía líquida

Daniel Galli (Analytical Tecnologies)

Gustavo Fernández Bieber (Omnilab)

Implementación integral de ICH Q8,Q9 y Q10

Magdalena Nannei


Operación y mantenimiento de subestaciones transformadoras

Hugo Cernuschi/ Oscar P. Osemberg


Laboratorios y proveedores de la Industria farmacéutica: Armonización

Mario Lisnizer (IPACE)

El ciliado Tetrahymena thermophila en biotecnología, su uso actual

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de membrana polimerica de fibra hueca Javier Pozzi (Pall Technologies S.A.)

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(ALH & Asociados)

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Monday, October 18, 2010

China Nationalism behind it's Development

At the moment, china has been shifted japan as the second economic leader at the world. America's position as a world economic power is also being threatened. however, observers and policy makers need to examine things behind the excellence, perseverance or weakness of China.
Knowingly or not, in fact
China's economic strength against the hegemony of Western powers has been going on since long. With the spirit of nationalism that has its own characteristics, China already has the intention of aggression against the West, Britain, Germany, France,
Russia, USA and Japan since the 19th century. At that time, the countries obtained special concessions so as to place the consulate, consulates in Macau, Shanghai and Hong Kong which of course does not provide benefits to the people of China. So, with the end of World War II that followed the founding of the People's Republic of China on October 1, 1949, then finished all these privileges. This incident depicted in the footage along with photographs of Wu Liang's comment: "Old Shanghai: A Lost Age" and also the nickname of "The Sick Man Of Asia" which began to fade in the era of the 1980s.
Now, the world will be amazed of the rapid economic development experienced by the Chinese. The success of the 2008 Olympics, the celebration of 60th anniversary of the founding of the PRC on October 1, 2009 and World Expo Shanghai China, April 30 to October 31 2010 is a series of prestigious achievement that describe the success of China in building its economy kekuatab, even in times of global recession due to crisis monetary in the United States, China became one of the resistant state of crisis.
China's current economic condition is the fruit of nationalism who want progress across the region. We may not realize that China consists of 3 regions.Chen Dong-Sheng, Head of Research Centre for the Development of Western Regions, the Academy of Social Sciences, China, warned the world about it.
Western region consists of 12 provinces:
Chongqing, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Tibet, Gansu, Ningxia, Qinhai, Inner Mongolia, Guangxi and Xinjiang.
The central region consists of 8 provinces:
Heiliongjiang, Jilin, Shanxi, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Anhui, and Jiangxi.
Eastern region consists of 11 provinces:
Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Liaoning, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zheijiang, Fujian, Shandong, Guangdong, and Hainan.
Governments and policy makers both at central and provincial levels, agreed to provide a focus on the development of western and central regions of
China, as the region east, is relatively more advanced. The policy emphasized the need for seriousness in the work plan, budget and good governance are integrated.
This area gives priority in the physical development and transfer of natural resource processing industries and labor-intensive industries; adjustment of the price level to be able to build the independence of the central region / west; organize financial ease traffic to and from the eastern (coastal); accelerate the reform measures the area;strengthen support to poorer areas, and strengthen partnerships between the three regions.
China is not solely focused on physical development policies such as dams, electricity, irrigation, drinking water, railway and road network.
Regions central / west also give priority to the promotion and distribution of educational, science and technology development, so as not to cause a bigger gap with the eastern region and neighboring
In the construction, in the western and central regions there is a series of obstacles, namely socio-cultural barriers in the development of quality of life and human livelihood. Also there are still barriers in the form of natural or environmental conditions.
To overcome these obstacles, the Chinese government to make development planning through 3 stages. The first phase in 2000-2010, the second (2011-2030), and third (2031-2050).
Three stages are aiming to reach the stage of modernization by the year 2050, the equitable distribution of economic prosperity, with per capita income above 5,000 dollars for the sake of national unity, social progress and environmental pollution are not polluted.
The road
map is not possible only done by the Chinese government, let alone with a population that is unusually large 1.24 Billion.
The Government is also moving to the implementation of policy and programmatic oversight and is known as "gradualism and reform" which resulted in the growth of a new middle class since the early 1980s. Members of this opening to a market economy. Among western capitalist global dub, but with Chinese characteristics with the feel-Laoisme Confucianism which is an ancient cultural heritage of

Integrated Infrastructure
Since 2000, the government in the western region reinforce a more stable investment policy with emphasis on traffic and transportation networks, telecommunication networks and electricity networks. This is realized with the construction of new railway network along the
10,000 kilometers within 20 years. With this project, China will have a network of north-south railway, including the Baotou-Liuzhou, Lanzhou-Chongqing, and the Lanzhou-Kuming, and a network of east-west down the Yangtze Kiang, the pride of the people of china, Xi'an-Nanjing-Heifei , Zhongwei-Taiyung, and Baotou-Hami.
Plan for construction of highways in the western region includes the development and improvement of roads throughout the
350,000 miles.
In civil aviation,
China set a development route that covers the entire country and western regions with the central point of Urumqi, Cunming and Chengdu, and expanded to Wuhan, Harbin.
China's determination is gradually realizing the long-term strategy into the mid 21st century to become a developed country.
To accomplish this, the Chinese since the 2000s increasingly tough and courageous "no" over-inducement inducement to berkronfrontasi the west economically, politically and defense.
China wants to focus on development.
In the course of reform and into globalization, nationalist consciousness continues to increase in
China. These policy measures still require caution and integrity of China's policy makers, equipped with virtue and the role of the community under the support of the middle class.

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As's science editor, Alan Boyle runs a virtual curiosity shop of the physical sciences and space exploration, plus paleontology, archaeology and other ologies that strike his fancy. Since joining in 1996, Boyle has won awards from the National Academies, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the National Association of Science Writers, the Society of Professional Journalists, the Space Frontier Foundation, the Pirelli Relativity Challenge and the CMU Cybersecurity Journalism Awards program. He is the author of "The Case for Pluto," a contributor to "A Field Guide for Science Writers," the blogger behind Cosmic Log: Bacteria can walk on 'legs' — and an occasional talking head on the MSNBC cable channel. During his 33 years of daily journalism in Cincinnati, Spokane and Seattle, he’s survived a hurricane, a volcanic eruption, a total solar eclipse and an earthquake. He has faith he'll survive the Internet as well.

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