Communications over the world wide doesnt depend on sytax or eloquence or rethoric or articulation but on the emotional context in which the message is being heard.
People can only hear you when they are moving toward you and they are not likely to when your wordss are pursuing them
Even the choices words lose their powe when they are used to overpower.
Attitudes are the real figures of speech '-Friedman

Tuesday, March 31, 2009


Raul Alfonsin, whose presidency has come to symbolize the return of democracy across Latin America from an era military dictatorships, has died.Alfonsin's personal doctor, Alberto Sadler, said former president died of lung cancer on Tuesday. He was 82.

The presidential inauguration of the burly, mustachioed leader on Dec. 10, 1083, ended more than seven years of a repressive military regime that left at least 12,000 disappeared.He won an open election that the military was forced to call, in disgrace after the nation's defeat in the 1982 war with Britain over the Falklands Islands.

His presidency was marked by two milestones: his daring decision to bring to try the leaders of the dictatorship for the human rights violations, and an economic collapse that made him hand power to his successor six month before his term was to end. Inflation had jumped to over 3,000 percent annually.Few discussed his crucial role in the restoration of democracy at a time military regimen ruled most of South America.

In Argentina, he was instrumental in getting several political groups to set aside differences and unite in a loose coalition that paved the way for the 1983 election. He garnered 51.7 percent of the vote, handing the powerful Peronist party its first election defeat ever.Shortly after entering the Pink House presidential palace, he stunned many by ordering the trial of nine members of the former ruling military junta, on charges ranging from kidnap to torture and disappearance of thousands of people.It was a bold step in a country where the military had dominated for decades, having taken power in six coups in the 20th century."I think that some times I take too many risks, because what we did no one had done before," he said later of his decision.But he said the trials were needed to restore a strong judicial system and break the destructive cycle of political chaos and military coups that wracked Argentina for a half-century.The trials, unprecedented in Latin America, were conducted by a civilian court and ended in December 1985 with the conviction and imprisonment of five former military rulers, including two ex-presidents. Four others were acquitted.

RAUL ALFONSIN WAS THE SYMBOL OF DEMOCRACY HE HAD THE WORST JOB WHEN DEMOCRACY RETURNED TO ARGENTINA , AND WHO LIVED THOSE AGES WE HAD A GREAT LEADER , ESTADIST WITH DIGNITY , HONESTY ,WIDSOM AND 2 WORDS THAT WILL NEVER BEEN FORGOTTEN THESE ARE : NUNCA JAMAS , referring to all the dictatures , he could bring the FREEDOM to Argentina , that he said democracy is not the one that we vote , it is the one which will eat , educate and grow .For all argentines this is big lost that will be remembered forever in the history of Argentina , because HE MADE HISTORY . HE IS CONSIDERED BY THE WORLD THE NUREMBERG OF ARGENTINA .

NICHOLAS STERN , Can he SAVE the world

Middle-aged, soberly suited, grey and compact, he speaks softly in the fastidious register of academia, comprised of paragraphs constructed almost entirely out of words such as "policy framework", "costs and benefits", "transparency of governance" and so on. Yet, when he speaks, the whole world now listens.

Since publishing the Stern Review in 2006, the professor has become the global authority on climate change. Commissioned by Gordon Brown, his study of the economics of climate change shifted the debate away from polar bears and unseasonal summers, and reframed it in the cold hard language of the balance sheet. Unless we invested 1% of global GDP per annum in measures to prevent climate change, the review warned, it would cost us 20% of global GDP.

Suddenly, the CBI and the Institute of Directors were paying attention. It was a defining moment for the credibility of a movement once belittled as too counter-culture to be taken seriously. Stern became the grey hero of the greens - powerful precisely because he seemed such an improbable eco warrior.


Since publishing the Stern Review in 2006, the professor has become the global authority on climate change. Commissioned by Gordon Brown, his study of the economics of climate change shifted the debate away from polar bears and unseasonal summers, and reframed it in the cold hard language of the balance sheet. Unless we invested 1% of global GDP per annum in measures to prevent climate change, the review warned, it would cost us 20% of global GDP. Suddenly, the CBI and the Institute of Directors were paying attention.

It was a defining moment for the credibility of a movement once belittled as too counter-culture to be taken seriously. Stern became the grey hero of the greens - powerful precisely because he seemed such an improbable eco warrior.Since then Stern has returned from the Treasury to the London School of Economics, been made a life peer, and is now about to publish a book - A Blueprint For a Safer Planet.
Guided by three principles of effectiveness, efficiency and fairness, it calls for an investment of closer to 2% of GDP, with rich countries leading the way in emissions reductions.

Proposing green technologies, international emissions trading, and financing to halt deforestation, it lays out the terms by which he believes we can avert catastrophe - and as such is fundamentally hopeful.But Stern navigates a delicate path between optimism and Armageddon, and at a recent climate change conference he was still exhorting world leaders to grasp the magnitude of the crisis.

"Do the politicians understand just how difficult it could be?" he appealed. "Just how devastating [a rise of] four, five, six degrees centigrade would be? I think not yet." With hindsight, he says he fears that even his own review underestimated the risks we face.

When it came out, people thought I'd over- egged the omelette. But all the things people were looking at turned out to be worse than they thought. Doing nothing looks even more reckless than it did even a few years ago." He pauses, as if uneasy with such an intemperate word, but keeps going. "Recklessness is the only word. I mean, we have to recognise the scale of the risk. If we go on at anything like business as usual, we'll be at concentration levels by the end of this century which will give us around a 50-50 chance of being above five degrees centigrade relative to, say, the 19th century. We humans are only 100,000 years old. We haven't seen that for 30 to 50 million years. We haven't seen three degrees centigrade for three million years. The idea that humans can easily adapt to conditions like these ..." He lets the proposition tail away, too foolish even for words."
What will we do? We'll move. People will move. Why? Because much of southern Europe will be desert. Other places will become underwater. Others will be hit by such severe storms with such frequency that they become almost uninhabitable.

So hundreds of millions of people will move. You're already seeing people moving in Darfur, where droughts devastated the grazing land of pastoralist people, and they moved, and come into conflict with people in the places they're moving to.
We're seeing that already on just a 0.8 degree rise. We're the first generation that has the power to destroy the planet. You're re-writing the planet. So you can only describe as reckless ignoring risks like that."At the heart of Stern's work is a simple calculation.

If the science on climate change is right, the transition costs incurred by switching to a low-carbon economy will - however daunting - be a fraction of what we will save by averting disaster. If the science is wrong, and we incur those costs unnecessarily, they would be "very far from disastrous", and we would still benefit, "because we will have a world that is more energy efficient, with new and cleaner technologies, and is more biodiverse as a result of protecting the forests".

The logic of the argument is compelling, but is there any part of Stern that believes the science could be wrong?

"As an undergraduate, I did maths and physics. That doesn't make me a scientist," Stern responds, with exaggerated patience. "So I try to read and understand and talk to scientists. I'm staggered by how many people who are lawyers, or politicians ..." Or former chancellors? "For example," he agrees drily. "Taxi drivers. People behind bars. People cutting hair. They all seem to be knowledgeable and expert on the science."In public policy we have to understand a little bit about nuclear physics, and biochemistry, and genetics. So what do you do if you want to understand about genetics? You talk to a geneticist. You don't turn to taxi drivers or politicians. Both respectable professions, but you don't go to them for the science of climate change, you go to scientists. And what do you hear? That this is basically simple physics. It's not as if it's something strange or mysterious that people can't explain to you. It's not something outside the experimental. The greenhouse effect is something you can observe experimentally - and most people have observed the greenhouse effect themselves, in greenhouses. Yes?"

Ultimately, he points out, the choice is quite simple: however difficult the challenge of action may be, the alternative is unthinkable. "If you say I'm not going to do that, what's left? What's left is you just reach for the suntan lotion and the big hat, and you say it's all too difficult, I'm signing off on this, and let's all fry. Why would you want to go there?" It seems more or less unimaginable to Stern that people would be stupid enough to allow a catastrophe to unfold, and his ultimate message is one of optimism."There are so many ideas out there, the pace of technological progress is so fast. It's a very optimistic thing about human nature; when humans focus on a problem, they're quite ingenious. And we have to recognise that this subject is young. It's only been deep in our understanding for two or three years. The scientists, of course, have been thinking about this for a long time, but in terms of politics and policy it's been big only for two or three years. I think if you look at it in that context, let's recognise what the government has done. We're ahead of the world on climate change legislation. I think the climate change bill is broadly along the right lines. If you ask yourself the question, 'How far have we got?', we've got a long way. It has to be faster, but let's not fail to recognise how far we've come."

Not even the world recession has dampened his optimism. "

This recession is seen as something that would prevent action on climate change only if we confuse ourselves.

If we think clearly, this is an opportunity to bring forward some of those investments, because resources are a bit cheaper at the moment. I've been struck that this climate change story has stayed very much on the agenda, the way that the green stimulus has been seen as part of the expansion package. In the next two or three decades, I think low-carbon technologies are going to be like the railways or IT - big drivers of growth.

"Stern won't live long enough to know if the world takes his advice. But if he had to go to the bookies now and place a £1,000 bet on whether we'll manage to do what's necessary in time, which way would he put it? "I would bet," he says cautiously, "we'll get there. But as in any bet, there's a risk of being wrong".'There are many half-baked attempts to naysay the science, but they always unravel on inspection'



Richmond Laboratories

It is an Argentine Pharmaceutical Company with 72 years in the market and presence all around Latin America and in the next months in Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Russia, South Africa. Currently they have 120 products. At the present, HIV-AIDS, Infectology, Oncology and Oncohaematology are the core lines in our Company . Quality Policy is in accordance with international cGMP. Their Quality Management System complies with ISO 9001:2000.The Company has acquired the local facility plant of ALTANA Laboratories. They are get ready this plant with all the necessary and modern equipment so that it is in accordance with international requirements. They have representations in 20 countries with more than 600 registration

The current status of Alzheimer’s disease is complex because of the uncertainty of its differential diagnostic, etiology, and physio-pathological mechanism. Therefore, it is evident that current treatments, which are purely symptomatic, do not yield a satisfactory solution. The central nervous system has a limited to regenerate and self repair. Confronted with a neurodegenerative disease such as Alzheimer’s, a therapeutic strategy which provides neuroprotection (mechanisms against harmful factors), neuroplasticity (neuron remodeling and repair after damage), neurogenesis (active generation of neurons) and neuron survival (prevention of atrophy, hypofunction and cerebral death) becomes necessary.
Laboratorios Richmond recently launched Renacenz®, whose original drug, Cerebrolysin is manufactured and licensed exclusively by Ebewe Pharma in Austria. This product, which is registered in 45 countries, is a preparation of neuropeptides and amino acids biotechnologically processed and standardized. It is especially indicated for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease.
Many in vivo and in vitro clinical studies conducted in Europe and in the United States proved that Renacenz® (Cerebrolysin) reinforces the nerve cell function, induces protection and repair mechanisms, affects directly neuron and synaptic plasticity, which improves learning and promotes neuron survival. The product causes the patient with Alzheimer to retain daily life skills. It also prevents mood swings and it not only brings about a significant memory improvement, but it also stabilizes it. Therefore, it can be said that Renacenz® (Cerebrolysin) goes beyond a merely symptomatic effect: it has a modification action in the disease.
Moreover, unlike traditional known treatments for Alzheimer’s disease, Renacenz® (Cerebrolysin) is administered IV in daily injections for a month. It is recommended to repeat the cycle 2-4 times a year.

At Laboratorios Richmond they commercialize their products directly through our own salesforce which is active all over the country. Ongoing training remains a key strategy for our company and represents the competitive strength of our sales representatives and field force. Consequently, they are able to provide specialized advice to physicians and health care professionals.The products they develop are sold in all countries of Central and South America, as well as in many countries of Africa and the Middle East. They appoint renowned companies and laboratories of each country as our representations. This makes our presence felt on those markets, providing an international profile to our product lines.As a consequence of that continuous evolution process they are registering and commercializing our products in: Bolivia, Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, Ecuador, Paraguay, Chile, Uruguay, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey.

By Stephanie Lascombes

Monday, March 30, 2009


Sudamerican presidents started to arrive today at Qatar for participating in the Forum of the arabs countries which objective is to avoid that the crisis ruins the cooperation interregional . Among the participants were Argentina''President Cristina Kirchner , Brazil 'President Lula da Silva and Venezuela 's President Hugo Chavez .

Since the last meeting done in Brazil,in 2005 the trading and alliances has been developed 3 times more. There are differents points of view , in the case of sudamerican countries and arabs relationships are foccused on commercial trade and in the case of Argentina to get the support that will be one topic will be discussed in the meeting G20 in London about the souveranity of Islas Malvinas (Faklands)

Last December here in Qatar, as the broader contours of the crisis were emerging, the international community adopted the Doha Declaration on Financing for Development. Now that the consequences are more fully upon us, amid widespread job losses and a widening global slowdown, the Declaration can help guide us through these troubled times.

The Declaration calls on donor countries to deliver on targets for official development assistance. Beyond ODA, it urges them to mobilize the full range of multilateral resources in order to help developing countries maintain growth. It also stresses the importance of protecting the most vulnerable groups against the severe impacts of the economic crisis.

Since then, the health of the global economy has only deteriorated, with increasingly dire consequences. In London, I will remind the G-20 leaders not only of the commitments they made, but also of the spirit of global solidarity which marked the Doha meeting.
That solidarity is essential; this is a global crisis, and our response must encompass all countries and people. That includes the Arab world, where the crisis has profound implications for sustainable development.
An effective response requires measures to cushion the impact on the poor and vulnerable, so that they do not lose access to health, schooling and other social services -- and so that gender disparities are not made even worse. I have called on the world's largest economies to agree on a substantial stimulus package. I have referred to this in detail in my letter to G-20 leaders. I am also warning against trade protectionism, which would only stifle the Arab countries' efforts to integrate more deeply into the world economy.
I will also carry a related message to London: that our response to the economic crisis offers an opportunity to take bold steps to address climate change. This is yet another challenge with which the Arab world is wrestling. Arab states, situated in arid and semi-arid areas, are also particularly prone to adverse impacts of land degradation, desertification, deforestation and forest degradation. Yet you also have the potential to be in the lead on investments in green energy, which can stimulate growth and job creation. I urge you to do your part in this regard and in negotiations to seal a deal on climate change at the Copenhagen conference in December this year.
And finally, across this agenda, it is essential to create space for civil society and for participation by all people, both women and men, in the decisions that affect their lives.
The United Nations is solidly committed to working with you in pursuit of these objectives. Thousands of UN staff are working with their national and regional partners, to ensure a bright future for the youth of the region -- a future of dignity, democracy, opportunity and peace.

Shukran jazeelan.

That solidarity is essential; this is a global crisis, and our response must encompass all countries and people. That includes the Arab world, where the crisis has profound implications for sustainable development.
An effective response requires measures to cushion the impact on the poor and vulnerable, so that they do not lose access to health, schooling and other social services -- and so that gender disparities are not made even worse. I have called on the world's largest economies to agree on a substantial stimulus package. I have referred to this in detail in my letter to G-20 leaders. I am also warning against trade protectionism, which would only stifle the Arab countries' efforts to integrate more deeply into the world economy.
I will also carry a related message to London: that our response to the economic crisis offers an opportunity to take bold steps to address climate change. This is yet another challenge with which the Arab world is wrestling. Arab states, situated in arid and semi-arid areas, are also particularly prone to adverse impacts of land degradation, desertification, deforestation and forest degradation. Yet you also have the potential to be in the lead on investments in green energy, which can stimulate growth and job creation. I urge you to do your part in this regard and in negotiations to seal a deal on climate change at the Copenhagen conference in December this year.
And finally, across this agenda, it is essential to create space for civil society and for participation by all people, both women and men, in the decisions that affect their lives.
The United Nations is solidly committed to working with you in pursuit of these objectives. Thousands of UN staff are working with their national and regional partners, to ensure a bright future for the youth of the region -- a future of dignity, democracy, opportunity and peace.
That solidarity is essential; this is a global crisis, and our response must encompass all countries and people. That includes the Arab world, where the crisis has profound implications for sustainable development.
An effective response requires measures to cushion the impact on the poor and vulnerable, so that they do not lose access to health, schooling and other social services -- and so that gender disparities are not made even worse. I have called on the world's largest economies to agree on a substantial stimulus package. I have referred to this in detail in my letter to G-20 leaders. I am also warning against trade protectionism, which would only stifle the Arab countries' efforts to integrate more deeply into the world economy.
I will also carry a related message to London: that our response to the economic crisis offers an opportunity to take bold steps to address climate change. This is yet another challenge with which the Arab world is wrestling. Arab states, situated in arid and semi-arid areas, are also particularly prone to adverse impacts of land degradation, desertification, deforestation and forest degradation. Yet you also have the potential to be in the lead on investments in green energy, which can stimulate growth and job creation. I urge you to do your part in this regard and in negotiations to seal a deal on climate change at the Copenhagen conference in December this year.
And finally, across this agenda, it is essential to create space for civil society and for participation by all people, both women and men, in the decisions that affect their lives.
The United Nations is solidly committed to working with you in pursuit of these objectives. Thousands of UN staff are working with their national and regional partners, to ensure a bright future for the youth of the region -- a future of dignity, democracy, opportunity and peace.

Friday, March 27, 2009


Today , The vicepresident of United States Joe Biden meets President Cristina Kirchner, in Chile, It is the meeting for progresist leaders in the Western Hemisphere, it means the first contact of Obama administration to Argentina President .

Vice President Joe Biden arrived in Chile Friday to begin his four-day trip to South and Central America, where he will consult with Latin American leaders to discuss a variety of issues, including the upcoming Summit of the Americas.
In Chile, Biden will attend the Progressive Governance conference, which will be attended by the Presidents of Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Uruguay, and the Prime Ministers of Spain, Norway and the United Kingdom.
He will also hold bilateral meetings with Uruguay's President Tabare Vazquez; Argentina's President Christina Fernandez de Kirchner; British Prime Minister Gordon Brown and Chile's President Michelle Bachelet.
In an op-ed piece written by Biden published in several Latin American newspapers Friday, the vice president said these meetings "are an important first step toward a new day in relations and building partnerships with and among the countries and people of the hemisphere."
"The president and I understand," Biden continued, "that only by working together can our countries overcome the challenges we face."
Biden said that, among the issues he will discuss with the leaders, the global economic crisis and the security for all nations of the Americas were of particular importance.
"Rekindling the US economy and ensuring that international financial institutions serve the interests of the people are particularly important for the Americas," Biden said.
"Our economic interconnection means that a robust US economy is good for the hemisphere and can become an engine for bottom up economic growth and equality throughout the region."
"We also face dual challenges of security," Biden added, "both for our countries and for the individuals who inhabit them."
"Our countries are plagued by gang violence and the illegal trafficking of weapons and narcotics." This is the first meeting for taking decisions about National Security in these different issues that affects to every country in the western hemisphere . Only a strong alliance between all could converge to create a new policies and strategies for facing the today s world.

from Argentina assists >Canciller Jorge Tiana , the embassador of argentina in US , Hector Timmerman and from US: the Directors of national security Tolbi Blinken, Brian Mc Keon y Dani Restrepo

Ten Million+ Infections Strong, Conficker Worm Prepares for April 1 Update

The worm that won't go away will get an upgrade on April 1

The Conficker w
orm has been wreaking havoc on users ever since it climbed out of its slimy hole in the internet's dark nether-regions back in 2008. Now the worm is about to get even more dangerous when it receives its latest refresh in a series of periodic updates on April 1. security officials are bracing for the impact that the upgrade might have.

Either diabolical or brilliant, it's the Conficker worm's unique design that allowed it infect over 8 million business computers last year and scores of other individual users. The worm, like many viruses, is regularly evolving thanks to periodic downloads. However, the techniques it uses to do so are rather unique -- it cleverly creates thousands of false domains daily to throw off investigators. On the update day, it selects 500 correct domains out of the 50,000 candidates to download malware and updates from.

Pierre-Marc Bureau, a researcher at Eset says that this has helped the virus evolve from an initial novice-seeming threat targeting a flaw in Windows services into a large scale menace. States Mr. Bureau, "From a high-level perspective, the 'A' variant gave the impression [of being] a 'test run'. It had code that probably was not meant to be spread globally. For example, it was checking for the presence of an Ukrainian keyboard or Ukrainian IP before infecting a system."

The first run also contained a false lead -- it tried to download and execute a file called loadav.exe. This led security research to believe it was just one of a pack of malware programs trying to peddle fake antivirus software. It turned out to be a red herring -- the file was never uploaded and the next generation did away with the feature.

In the second version, the worm continued to spread through Windows Services on unpatched machines. However, the update also granted it the power to spread over network shares by trying to log in autonomously into network machines with weak passwords. It also gained the ability to load itself onto USB sticks connected to infected machines, gaining another means of transmission. The scanning speed for machines to infect was greatly optimized -- in short the worm had become a real big problem.

Finally, the worm got its third update, becoming the Downadup virus as it’s now known. The latest version added peer-to-peer communication between infected systems. It also added new domain-generation algorithms to help it disguise where it was receiving its updates from.

At this point the worm is already a full scale threat, and there's no telling what might happen with the next update. Describes Mr. Bureau, "During the last week, 3.88 percent of our users have been attacked by Conficker, either because they accessed an infected device or by a network attack. The percentage is very high and shows that a high number of computers are presently infected and that the worm is still spreading."

Estimates of the number infected machines vary greatly, but most experts agree that over 10 million computers, largely in the business sector were compromised last year. The number is large enough that Microsoft, which already has offered a bounty for the worm's writers, and AOL are teaming up to trying to weed out the domains it uses. However, they face an uphill battle due to the vast number of domains the worm generates. And law enforcement and security experts are no closer to having any clue what individual or individuals are writing the Conficker code.

Meanwhile the Conficker continues to spread and get smarter. Its actions leave little doubt in the security community -- it's creating an army of infected machines, one that could do serious damage if unleashed.

Adriel Desautels, CTO of Netragard states, "I don't think that the threat comes from the worm itself, it comes from the people that are in control of the mass of Conficker-infected systems. Those people have an immensely powerful weapon at their disposal, and that weapon threatens all of us."

April 1 will see the attacks taken to the next level -- and it’s anyone's guess what capabilities it might gain.

Deflation stalks Japan, resentment rises before G20

TOKYO/BERLIN - Japan slipped to the brink of deflation and inflation in Europe slid closer to zero, underlining a threat to the world economy before next week’s G20 summit which is supposed to produce a cure for the crisis.

Policymakers from the Group of 20 leading wealthy and developing nations will also plan tougher regulations to ensure that mistakes that led to the banking crisis are not repeated.
But resentment is rising about how catastrophic errors in the boardrooms of the West are hurting the poor. Brazil’s president attacked “irrational behaviour of white and blue-eyed people” and thousands are expected to protest before the G20 meeting in London, demanding politicians “Put People First”.

President Barack Obama is set to quiz leaders of the biggest U.S. financial institutions on Friday about the economy and their businesses as his administration seeks broader power to regulate the financial system.

Global shares paused for breath on Friday at the end of a week that saw them gain nearly 7 percent on tentative hopes of economic recovery, while oil slipped below $54 a barrel after touching a 2009 high.
Zero inflation

Recession plus a slide in oil prices pushed Japanese consumer price inflation to zero in February. Retail sales also fell more than expected, evidence that slumping global appetite for Japanese exports is hurting the world’s second-largest economy.

Japan is facing consumer price deflation,” said Akira Maekawa, a senior economist at UBS Securities. “Japanese companies are still producing more than consumers want to buy.”
A small drop in some consumer prices does no great harm. But significant broad-based falls can inflict severe economic damage, as personal and corporate debt piles grow in real terms and consumers postpone spending, awaiting further price falls

European policymakers have largely played down the risk of deflation, but data from German states on Friday showed that annual inflation is falling to very low levels.

In an early sign of the broader trend in the euro zone, a number of German states reported on Friday that consumer prices fell between 0.2 and 0.3 percent this month. Annual inflation rates ranged from just 0.2 percent to 0.8 percent and one state reported its lowest rate in 22 years.

But Alexander Koch, an economist at Unicredit, doubted true deflation would grip Germany. “We expect to be heading for zero by mid year. But the inflation rate will only briefly go below zero because of the recent increase in oil prices,” he said.

The wider euro zone reports inflation data next Tuesday. Economists expect the annual rate to fall under 1 percent in March and sink further in the next few months. See

That is well under the European Central Bank’s 2.0 percent ceiling, opening the way for it to cut interest rates at its monthly policy meeting on Thursday. Economists expect it to lower the main rate by half a percentage point to 1.0 percent.

Struggling to stimulate
Britain’s economy slowed even more sharply than expected in the last three months of 2008 as construction output plunged, data showed on Friday. GDP fell 1.6 percent in the fourth quarter, the sharpest decline since 1980.

Many Britons are saving any spare money they have rather than spending it. “Households have been helped by the cuts in interest rates and are reluctant to spend because of the economic climate, said Philip Shaw, economist at Investec.

Global policymakers have been struggling to stimulate economic growth, cutting rates to close to zero in many big economies, raising infrastructure spending and buying assets from banks and companies to pump more money into the system.
But German Finance Minister Peer Steinbrueck warned on Friday of trouble if governments did not respect the EU budget deficit limit after the worst of the crisis had passed.

”If it is not taken seriously, I am telling you, the euro will have trouble one day in terms of its own credibility and stability,” he told parliament.
British Prime Minister Gordon Brown hopes to persuade his fellow G20 leaders at the summit on April 2 to agree on ambitious spending. But his own central bank governor, Mervyn King, has questioned how much Britain can borrow to fund this.

Speaking in Brazil on Thursday, Brown said Britain must not rule out taking action needed to boost growth. But his host, President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, gave an uneasy reminder of resentment growing in poorer nations.
“(It is unfair) that the (poor) be the first to pay the bills of a crisis created by the rich—not by any blacks, by any Indians, or by any poor,” said Lula.

“This is a crisis fomented by the irrational behaviour of white and blue-eyed people, who before the crisis seemed to know everything,” said Lula, who has often blamed the United States for causing the global crisis by practicing “casino capitalism”.
Financial fools day

On Saturday big crowds are expected to march in a “Put People First” protest through London, in what police expect will be the largest and most organised G20 demonstration.
A “Financial Fools Day” parade is also likely to converge London’s financial district on Wednesday.

“As the bankers continue to cream off billions of pounds of our money let’s put the call out—reclaim the money, storm the banks and send them packing,” said a statement posted on a website by the anti-capitalist “Wombles” group.

On the markets, Japan’s broad TOPIX ended down 0.3 percent on Friday but finished the week 7.8 percent higher—its biggest weekly gain since 1997. “We’ve hit the bottom, we’re making our way up,” said Bell Potter Securities private client adviser Stuart Smith in Australia.

European stocks slipped 0.6 percent towards the end of a good week. “Cutting away the rhetoric and hyperbole, if you have more buyers than sellers, markets will almost certainly head north,” said Chris Hossain of ODL Securities.

Commerzbank's net loss hits 6.6 billion euros

Germany's second biggest bank, Commerzbank, reported Friday a 2008 net loss of 6.6 billion euros (nine billion dollars), including its recently acquired Dresdner Bank business. Commerzbank had posted a net profit of three million euros in February but that figure did not include results from Dresdner, a bank bought from the insurance group Allianz for 4.7 billion euros. Commerzbank waited until it published its annual report to present pro forma results that included Dresdner. "The overriding theme of 2009 will be the integration of Dresdner Bank," Commerzbank said.

Commerzbank also said that it expected restructuring and insolvencies to increase considerably this year.
"In 2009, nearly all portfolios are suffering from the stress caused by market conditions, which is why the bank's results will be strongly affected by charges against earnings," said Commerzbank in its 2008 annual report.
The bank, whose main business is to lend to small and medium-sized businesses, has said it will endeavour to refinance 20bn euros of business this year.
It was among Friday's early winners on the German stock market, gaining 5.7% to hit 4.30 euros in early morning trading.

Thursday, March 26, 2009


The premier British Minister Gordon Brown and Brazil's President Lula da Silva, agreed last thrusday the creation 100,000 billion dollars fund for financing world trade in the middle of the Global financial crisis, which Lula affirmed the crisis was originated by affluent countries markets, and the poor can not be the ones to pay for their mistakes.
"We can not let it happens, mainly because no negro, indigenous or poor generated this turbulence, but the world’s rich and powerful people, white and blue eyed-people, who knew what was to come before the crisis, and now feigned indifference", Lula stated

Gordon Brown said ,there is a need of injection to the world economy and he will ask at the G20 meeting in April 2 nd , in London, that supports a world finnacial expansion for helping the commerce in all the world wide,

Gordon was received in Brasilia by Lula , this proposasl will be esencial in the recovery world economy plan

Lula defended again the creation of an international finnacial system regulation, referring that is not possible that this happen in a society that one who can enter to a commercial center or an airport is fillmmed and is always under suspected and watched over , and its finnacial system isnt , and is not regulated .

As the largest country in South America, and one of the world's leading developing nations, Brazil will come to the G20 summit in London in the expectation of making its weight felt.

Brazil's President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva will arrive at the meeting keen to press the case for reform of the world's financial institutions to give developing countries a bigger say

  • Global solutions
    President Lula comes to the G20 summit having long argued that the world is facing a "global crisis which requires global solutions".

  • In particular, he believes that the answers can only be found if emerging economies such as Brazil and India are given more clout in the world's financial institutions such as the IMF and the World Bank.

  • The government still believes that a strong internal market, $200bn (£138bn) in international currency reserves, and a diversity of trading partners will help Brazil weather the worst of this storm.

  • Nonetheless the impact of the crisis is being felt, and the official projection for growth this year continues to be more optimistic than that of many economists, who are talking of close to zero growth or even worse.
    "We will grow in 2009 less than we would like, less than we could grow if there was no external crisis," President Lula insisted this month. "But we will grow."

  • The president, meanwhile, continues to make the argument that the current difficulties began in rich countries, and they now need to be aware of the impact of their failure on poorer and developing nations.
    He has been vociferous in opposing protectionist policies and is also expected to argue for reform and greater oversight of global financial markets.

  • Lula atBrazil is not looking for help for itself

  • ,He attacked again to the protectionism which he compared to a drug , if we dont act correctly , will come the recession, unemployment and more inestability Lula said.
  • But he said that would be extremely helpful to have more credit for developing countries in general, and specifically more finance for trade between and among developing countries, because this is what has been lacking

  • If you take the statistics after the crisis started, the trade between developing countries has been affected and to a large extent not so much because of a fall in demand - there is also a fall in demand - but because of the difficulties with credit." I suppose the leaders will also discuss what they should do in a coordinated way in terms of how they deal with their own economies, by avoiding protectionism for instance, but at the same time stimulating demand.
    "But then you have the structure of the financial institutions and that also has to be changed.
Lula considered the meeting extremely productive and positive

Brown thinks that the G20 Forum has an historical meaning , because the society is waiting from this , if there is a mistake to use this meeting for schedule other meeting will be lost credibilty and the crisis will become deeper ,he and many leaders of the world know that this moment demands politics decisions stronger than the economic decisions that could be taken .

And whether it gets what it wants in London, the G20 gathering will be regarded as another step in a natural evolution in the decision-making process, which involves developing nations taking an increasingly important role on the world stage.

Wednesday, March 25, 2009

USA, TAX EVATION & TAX AVOIDANCE :How many american citizens pay really their taxes

Tax avoidance is the legal utilization of the tax regime to one's own advantage, in order to reduce the amount of tax that is payable by means that are within the law. By contrast tax evasion is the general term for efforts to not pay taxes by illegal means
Some of those attempting not to pay tax believe that they have discovered interpretations of the law that show that they are not subject to being taxed: these individuals and groups are sometimes called tax protesters.

Tax avoidance is the legal utilization of the tax regime to one's own advantage, in order to reduce the amount of tax that is payable by means that are within the law. The United States Supreme court has stated that "The legal right of an individual to decrease the amount of what would otherwise be his taxes or altogether avoid them, by means which the law permits, cannot be doubted." See Gregory v. Helvering. Examples of tax avoidance include:

Country of residence

One way a person or company may lower their taxes due is by changing one's tax residence to a tax haven, such as Monaco, or by becoming a perpetual traveler; however, some countries, such as the U.S., tax their citizens, permanent residents, and companies on all their worldwide income. In these cases, taxation cannot be avoided by simply transferring assets or moving abroad.

According to Forbes magazine some nationals choose to give up their United States citizenship rather than be subject to the U.S. tax system; however, U.S. citizens who reside (or spend long periods of time) outside the U.S. may be able to exclude some salaried income earned overseas (but not other types of income) from U.S. tax. The 2007 limit on the amount that can be excluded was US$85,700.

Double taxation

Most countries impose taxes on income earned or gains realized within that country regardless of the country of residence of the person or firm. Most countries have entered into bilateral double taxation treaties with many other countries to avoid taxing nonresidents twice

To avoid tax, it is usually not enough to simply move one's assets to a tax haven. One must also personally move to a tax haven (and, for U.S. nationals, renounce one's citizenship) to avoid tax.

Legal entities

Without changing country of residence (or, if a U.S. citizen, giving up one's citizenship), personal taxation may be legally avoided by creation of a separate legal entity to which one's property is donated. The separate legal entity is often a company, trust, or foundation. Assets are transferred to the new company or trust so that gains may be realized, or income earned, within this legal entity rather than earned by the original owner

Tax evasion

By contrast tax evasion is the general term for efforts by individuals, firms, trusts and other entities to evade taxes by illegal means. Tax evasion usually entails taxpayers deliberately misrepresenting or concealing the true state of their affairs to the tax authorities to reduce their tax liability, and includes, in particular, dishonest tax reporting (such as declaring less income, profits or gains than actually earned; or overstating deductions).


The difference between the amount of tax legally owed and the amount actually collected by a government is sometimes called the tax gap.

In the United States, the IRS estimated in 2007 that Americans owed $345 billion more than they paid, or about 14% of federal revenues for the fiscal year of 2007.[3]

Illegal income and tax evasion

In the United States, persons subject to the Internal Revenue Code who earn income by illegal means (gambling, theft, drug trafficking etc.) are required to report unlawful gains as income when filing annual tax returns (see e.g., James v. United States[4]), but they often do not do so, because doing so could serve as an admission of guilt. Suspected lawbreakers, most famously Al Capone, have therefore been successfully prosecuted for tax evasion when there was insufficient evidence to try them for their non-tax related crimes. Other times tax evasion can be used as a "one more nail in the coffin" by prosecutors by stating that if a person earns illegal income, s/he may also be guilty of tax evasion. Those who attempt to report illegal income as coming from a legitimate source could be charged with money laundering

Evasion of customs duty

Customs duties are an important source of revenue in the developing countries. The importers purport to evade customs duty by (a) under-invoicing and (b) misdeclaration of quantity and product-description. When there is ad valorem import duty, the tax base is reduced through underinvoicing. Misdeclaration of quantity is more relevant for products with specific duty. Production description is changed match an H. S. Code commensurate with a lower rate of duty


Smuggling is importation or exportation of foreign products through unauthorized route. Smuggling is resorted to for total evasion of leviable customs duties as well as for importation of contraband items. A smuggler does not have to pay any customs duty since the products are not routed through an authorized or notified Customs port and therefore, not subjected to declaration and payment of duties and taxes.[7]

Evasion of Value Added Tax (VAT)

During the latter half of the twentieth century, Value Added Tax (VAT) has emerged as a modern form of consumption tax through the world. Producers who collect VAT from the consumers may evade tax by under-reporting the amount of sales. [8]

In addition, most jurisdictions which levy a VAT also legally require their residents to report and pay the VAT or some equivalent tax on items purchased in another jurisdiction. This means that those consumers who purchase something in a lower-taxed or untaxed jurisdiction with the intention of avoiding VAT in their home jurisdiction are in fact breaking the law in most cases. Such evasion is especially prevalent in federal states like the United States and Canada where sub-national jurisdictions have the constitutional power to charge varying rates of VAT

Corruption by tax officials

Corrupt tax officials cooperate with the tax payers who intend to evade taxes. When they detect an instance of evasion, they refrain from reporting in return for illegal gratification or bribe. Corruption by tax officials is a serious problem for the tax administration in a huge number of underdeveloped countries

Level of evasion and punishment

Tax evasion is a crime in almost all countries and subjects the guilty party to fines and/or imprisonment - in China the punishment can be as severe as the death penalty. In Switzerland, many acts that would amount to criminal tax evasion in other countries are treated as civil matters. Even dishonestly misreporting income in a tax return is not necessarily considered a crime. Such matters are dealt with in the Swiss tax courts, not the criminal courts. However, even in Switzerland, some fraudulent tax conduct is criminal, for example, deliberate falsification of records. Moreover, civil tax transgressions may give rise to penalties. So the difference between Switzerland and other countries, while significant, is limited. It is often considered that extent of evasion depends on the severity of punishment for evasion. Normally, the higher the evaded amount, the higher the degree of punishment.

Definition of tax evasion in the United States

The application of the U.S. tax evasion statute may be illustrated in brief as follows, as applied to tax protesters. The statute is Internal Revenue Code section 7201:

Any person who willfully attempts in any manner to evade or defeat any tax imposed by this title or the payment thereof shall, in addition to other penalties provided by law, be guilty of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than $100,000 ($500,000 in the case of a corporation), or imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both, together with the costs of prosecution.[29]

Under this statute and related case law, the prosecution must prove, beyond a reasonable doubt, each of the following three elements:

  1. the "attendant circumstance" of the existence of a tax deficiency — an unpaid tax liability; and
  2. the "actus reus" (i.e., guilty conduct) — an affirmative act (and not merely an omission or failure to act) in any manner constituting evasion or an attempt to evade either:
    1. the assessment of a tax, or
    2. the payment of a tax.
  3. the "mens rea" or "mental" element of willfulness — the specific intent to violate an actually known legal duty;

An affirmative act "in any manner" is sufficient to satisfy the third element of the offense. That is, an act which would otherwise be perfectly legal (such as moving funds from one bank account to another) could be grounds for a tax evasion conviction (possibly an attempt to evade "payment"), provided the other two elements are also met. Intentionally filing a false tax return (a separate crime in itself[30]) could constitute an attempt to evade the "assessment" of the tax, as the Internal Revenue Service bases initial assessments (i.e., the formal recordation of the tax on the books of the U.S. Treasury) on the tax amount shown on the return

For years for which no return has been filed, there is no statute of limitations on civil actions -- that is, on how long the IRS can seek taxpayers and demand payment of taxes owed.

For each year a taxpayer willfully fails to timely file an income tax return, the taxpayer can be sentenced to one year in prison.In general, there is a six-year statute of limitations on Federal tax crimes

Tuesday, March 24, 2009


National Day of Memory for Truth and JusticeMarch 24 It was declared the National Day of Memory for Truth and Justice in remembrance of the state of siege of 1976. At the first light of that tragic day, the Armed Forces overthrew the democratically elected government of Isabel Perón, enforced a strict economic program and established an illegal systematic repression plan that lead to de disappearance of around 30,000 persons. In the site below there is a complete development of this subject prepared by the Secretariat of Means and Communications, Chief of Cabinet Office, Presidency of the Nation. Go to site


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Friday, March 20, 2009

A History of Immigration to the U.S.

David is an attorney in Philadelphia, PA, where he helps immigrants to the U.S. navigate the complex immigration legal system. Views he expresses at are his alone and don't represent the views or opinions of his employer, Nationalities Service Center. The information contained on this site is intended for educational and advocacy purposes only.

To understand the immigration debate that has come into high focus in the U.S. for the last few years, you have to take a look back at the history of immigration to this country.
Early Immigration
Starting with the colonists in Jamestown and Plymouth, Protestant immigrants from England settled in areas along the Atlantic seaboard that would later form the United States.
A century before Plymouth, the Spanish had invaded Florida and settled there. The earliest permanent European settlements in what is now the U.S. were Spanish or French, predating English colonies by a good 50 years. Each new European group to arrive displaced the native inhabitants, who had themselves immigrated to the continent some 10,000 to 20,000 years previously.
Large numbers of early immigrants to the U.S. were victims of trafficking, entering with varying levels of volition into indentured servitude or kidnapped and brought over from Africa as slaves.
Alien and Sedition Acts
The Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798 were enacted in a time of unofficial war against France when the newly formed U.S. felt especially vulnerable to foreign attack. The Acts made it a crime to publish "false, scandalous, and malicious writing" against the government or its officials and extended the wait time for citizenship to 14 years. They were formulated and implemented by the Federalists to target the opposition Democratic-Republicans, but backfired in the elections of 1800 and 1802 as the Federalists were swept from power. One of the four component laws, which permitted deportation of male citizens of an enemy nation during time of war, was never repealed and is still on the books.
Anti-Catholic Nativism
Waves of Irish and German Catholic immigrants in the first few decades of the 19th century unsettled established Anglo Protestant natives and led to anti-immigrant riots (pdf) in several major cities. The 1850s saw an organized nativist political movement-the Know Nothings-that had some regional impact before dissolving as the political scene was shaken up by the Civil War.
Chinese Exclusion
From 1882 to 1943, the Chinese Exclusion Act prohibited Chinese immigration and made Chinese residents ineligible for naturalization. Threatened by the economic power of Chinese communities and influenced by entrenched racism, people of the Western states acted to keep Chinese out and marginalize those who were there. Chinese exclusion went hand in hand with anti-miscegenation laws, which survived the repeal of the Chinese Exclusion Act by several years.
Ellis Island
Ellis Island's peak years as a port of entry spanned scarcely more than three decades (from 1892 to 1924), but Ellis Island has reached iconic status in popular American history. Having since joined the Irish and German communities as examples of "good" immigration, it's sometimes difficult now to remember that the Jewish and Italian communities that passed through Ellis Island were as feared and reviled as Mexican and Middle Eastern immigrants are today. The Ellis Island period led to a nativist backlash resulting in anti-immigrant raids and strict quotas on immigration.
Red Scare/Palmer Raids/Immigration Act of 1924
National security fears after World War One and unease with the changing composition of immigration from Northern and Western Europeans to Southern and Eastern Europeans led to the Palmer Raids, which swept up citizens and non-citizens alike. Public outcry stopped the raids, but soon afterwards, a national-origins quota system put a stop to the Ellis Island era of liberal immigration. The restrictive Immigration Act of 1924 set quotas by country based on the numbers of nationals present in the U.S. in 1890, and was justified by eugenicists as a way to maintain racial and cultural purity. The laws put in place in response to the Ellis Island period helped ensure that hundreds of thousands of Jewish refugees fleeing from German persecution before and during World War Two did not enter the U.S., instead meeting their deaths in the gas chambers.
Racial Profiling - Japanese Internment and Operation Wetback
Geopolitics dictated immigration policy during WWII, as the end of Chinese Exclusion overlapped with the internment of Japanese-Americans, again on national security grounds. President Roosevelt initiated the internment of 110,000 people of Japanese descent, 62% of them U.S. citizens, and the Supreme Court affirmed the program's legality.
In Operation Wetback in 1954, President Eisenhower ordered border officials to target Mexican immigrants in a massive detention and deportation effort.
Recent Decades - Global Migration
The Immigration and Nationality Act Amendments of 1965 (the Hart-Cellar Act), changed the system of national-origin quotas to a family-based preference system. This led to large increases in overall numbers of immigration, and to major shifts in the nationalities of incoming immigrants from Europe to Asia, Latin America, and Africa.
This wave of immigration, as with earlier liberal periods, resulted in a backlash. 1986 saw the imposition of the first laws sanctioning employers of immigrants, and in the 10 years that followed, under pressure from a growing nativist movement, Congress made the immigration laws more punitive and more likely to result in separation of families and deportation of longtime residents.
The terrorist attacks of 9/11 led the government to round up tens of thousands of men of Middle Eastern descent and detain and deport many of them. Congress tightened the asylum laws, leading to higher rates of denial. Meanwhile, tougher security measures led the U.S. to admit as refugees only a tiny fraction of Iraqis displaced by the 2003 U.S. invasion. Straying ever further from the post-9/11 national security rationales for restrictive immigration policy, in 2006 and 2007 the federal government began targeting Latino immigrants in massive workplace raids and started construction on a border wall. National pro-migrant demonstrations in May of 2006 led to a backlash as bipartisan efforts to pass comprehensive reform of the immigration system were defeated in 2006 and 2007.

President, Barack Obama, has pledged to moved forward with his promise to tackle the immigration system. He will also work with Mexico to resolve the escalating problems associated with Drug Cartels, Illegal Weapons and Border Violence.

"The president made clear to us that he is a man of his word," said Rep. Nydia Velazquez, D-N.Y., who chairs the Congressional Hispanic Caucus.
Obama also told the lawmakers that he will travel next month to Mexico to discuss escalating violence from drug cartels and immigration with Mexican President Felipe Calderon, White House officials said.

During the campaign, Obama supported a comprehensive overhaul of immigration policy, including creation of a possible path to citizenship for illegal immigrants who are otherwise law-abiding.

Obama has yet to tackle the issue, as his administration has grappled with the economic crisis and an increasingly crowded agenda in his two months in office.But immigration legislation is on the agenda and moving forward, said Hispanic lawmakers who attended the West Wing meeting, their first face-to-face meeting with the president. The caucus consists of all Democrats and one independent.

"The president said more than any of us expected him to say,” said Rep. Luis Gutierrez, D-Ill. “He was clear, eloquent and determined in letting us know that we're all together on the route to comprehensive immigration reform," Mr. Gutierrez, who is wrapping up a cross-country tour to highlight how families are affected by the immigration system, said the lawmakers “made it absolutely clear that this is a civil rights issue of our community.”

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi recently told a group of both legal and illegal immigrants and their families that enforcement of existing immigration laws, as currently practiced, is "un-American."

The speaker, condemning raids by Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents, referred to the immigrants she was addressing as "very, very patriotic." "Who in this country would not want to change a policy of kicking in doors in the middle of the night and sending a parent away from their families?" Pelosi told a mostly Hispanic gathering at St. Anthony's Church in San Francisco.

It is unfortunate that both our President and Speaker Pelosi are facing the anger of the hate-filled ANTI extremists on Fox News, ANTI blogs and various comment sections when we should all be congratulating and supporting them in resolving these outstanding issues.

Dont forget why it has happened ? Everything has a history , agreements , business , interests behind . Nothing in US is for free , only now have to face the mistakes and the consecquences of bad and wrong decisions as the economy aspect too.

The First Survey on Migration and Population Dynamics in the Federal District reported that migration from Mexico City took off during the 1990s, involving different social sectors. As many as 40 percent of migrants had high school, technical, professional or university preparation.
Although the Mexico City study indicated the vast majority of migrants did not intend to return home, the report contained an additional economic warning sign. Previous to the economic crash, Mexico City migrants were able to send up to $500 on average each month to their relatives back home. Remittances, however, suffered a 20 percent drop during the last two years, when construction and other economic sectors in the US began slowing down. In 2009, the average remittance is expected to take another dive..

Loyo Defends Service As Legitimate.A south side businessman who sells various forms of identification to foreign-born residents said he intends to continue offering his services after a meeting in which representatives of community groups, Mitchell Bank and the Mexican consulate asked him to stop. Hugo Loyo, (Consejero del IME 2006-2008) who runs Credenciales USA at 3031 W. Lincoln Ave., had been asked to stop advertising for “Identification Americana” and “Licencia Internacional de Conducir” (or American identification and international driver’s licenses). “Advertisements by Credenciales USA claim or imply that the identification cards they sell are acceptable to open bank accounts, board an airplane, register plates, obtain vehicle license plates, when in fact they are not,” said Steve Fendt, executive director of the Southside Organizing Committee, in a letter to Loyo. “We want to make sure that members of the community who are worried because they do not have state identification cards do not go out and spend their hard-earned money to purchase identificatiodocuments which have no value,” he said. But Loyo, who met with the organizing committee,
Voces de la Frontera and others on Saturday, said this week, “I don’t do anything illegal, and they have no legal reason to stop me.” He said, however, that he would have his attorneys review his advertising to make sure it’s not misleading or illegal.

Eva Longoria had to say in a recent interview with FOX regarding the current state of immigration reform:
“First things first, our country is in a really tough position right now and I think definitely immigration will be addressed and I will be there to make sure that we’re protected. It is unfortunate that we spend so much time as Americans all over the world, and we need to really focus a lot of our energy on our front porch which is Mexico and I hope that we’ll be able to bring more attention to the a lot of the poverty and illiteracy and the educational programs in Mexico.”

We dont need to be mexican for feeling this issue so close, unfair ,and with allot of propaganda over this ,no one wants to assume responsabilities .
yes, there are murders , criminals like there are in all the world ,as there are celebrities , big businessmen and bussinesswomen , many mexicans working in healthcare with the most innovate resources and experience adn education ......, but we should to be careful when we mention a nation addressing such words , not all the illegals are criminals, not all illegals wanted to be illegals , and there are illegals because there were no other way to be legal ,
the 80% of illegals work , how does it explain , that american citizens cant work , cause they have to survive and they work in many areas , different kind of jobs to survive and dreaming to have an oppportunity in their lives
what is illegal has not any other explanation to take action and become it legal , if they should be deported , well it is the cost of the decision that people took to go a place in illegal conditons .
but if they have vote , they had to serve to americans in the army , in the society , they have a right of having a chance to be legalize .
all inmigrants in united states had many illegal background, but now it is a battle against Mexican ,
I wonder if they know what Mexico represents in the economy , in the development , in their trade , to US , it was the first country who supported US with Nafta and all the conditions that the last goverment pushed to sign in , if not the country is out , of the market . Well the result of those bad agreements and projects are very easy to see how wrong were, only benefited to USA . but Mexico as in a very unrespected and arrogance way people talk, Mexico has allot of resources and is esential for the crisis of US believe or not , this is the point , so being cautious with the policies , as Obama is trying to be , othe detail why he interview first of all the president of Mexico ,before being president , cause it is too important the association between these countries , and the hate raised up this last year against mexicans , is the result of bad decisions , no control , interest and business that nobody want to look further , just see the top of the issue there are illegals people in United States of Amercia,,, i ask myself , do they realize about this in one year ! or are using this as excuses to make up other bigger issues that americans should be working out , it reminds me when happened Iraq war declaration how many people including myself , we saw that was a make up of the big storm of lose of power of the last administration , then people forgot the economic issues , that were happening and foccused in iraq and the nationalism , for a cause that after all was a big lie , and took some years they assume that was a real failure and mistake .
so i wish that american people , and authorities will take conscious of how to deal with issue and put apart the racism and hate that had cause many loses to US . i hope Obama knows more than many understimates him but he know what he is talking about .
time will tell , meanwhile who are full of hate and complaining please do something positive for your country .WORK and INNOVATE and CLEAN THE CORRUPTION BANKS AND COMPANIES.
i have all the faith US will get through , in spite will be a very rough year for the world

Tuesday, March 17, 2009


The G20 Meeting in London will be on April 2nd 2009 topics are foccused on protectionism is without a doubt on the rise.

Alistair Darling today said it was important to be "realistic" about what could be achieved at next month's G20 summit after Washington played down hopes of the meeting agreeing a "global new deal" to fight the recession.

In an interview, the chancellor said that the London meeting of leaders from the world's 20 largest economies would not produce the final word on the world's response to recession, describing it instead as "part of a process".

"I think we have to be realistic about what we can do together," Darling told BBC Radio 4's World at One, suggesting that the government is keen not to let expectations about what can be achieved at the summit get out of hand.

"When you have 20 people sitting around the table, inevitably there will be differences of emphasis at times. But I think we are pretty much pointing in the same direction," he said.

"This is part of a process. I don't think things begin or end either this weekend or on April 2. It will continue beyond that, quite simply because the world's economy is continuing to develop.
"What is clear though is that we do need a commitment both to support the economy, to sort out the banking system and to use international institutions far more effectively."

Darling also played down talk of a rift between the US and Europe. "I don't actually think that the divisions between the European countries and the US are anything like what has been described over the last few days," he said.

However, France and Germany yesterday set themslves firmly against further injections of cash into their economies.
Obama's spokesman appeared to accept that a deal was unlikely at the 2 April summit, telling reporters the US president was not seeking to negotiate "specific commitments".
Finance ministers from the G20 countries will arrive in the UK today ahead of a meeting, taking place in Sussex tomorrow, at which they will set out the policy gaps remaining to be bridged if any sort of agreement is to be reached at the summit.
The German chancellor, Angela Merkel, will fly to London tonight for potentially awkward talks with Brown tomorrow morning.
Merkel and the French president, Nicolas Sarkozy, yesterday made clear that they had no desire to add to their own fiscal stimulus packages and believed the G20 should instead focus on the tighter regulation of financial markets to prevent a repeat of the current slump.
At a joint press conference following talks in Berlin, Merkel said the two countries would send "a common signal" at the summit.
"The issue is not spending even more, but to put in place a regulatory system to prevent the economic catastrophe that the world is experiencing from being repeated," she said.
Asked how Obama would respond to the Franco-German stance, the US president's spokesman, Robert Gibbs, told reporters: "We're not going to negotiate some specific economic percentage or commitment, but continue to talk about the notion that ... it is important that the world act together in growing our economy, as well as that we together take steps to ensure that the crisis doesn't happen again.
"Different international bodies have said that the global economy is likely to contract at about 2% of GDP over the course of the next two years, and that their recommendation is that countries stimulate their economy to that degree.

"That's in large measure what the United States has done, and the president will talk to other nations of the G20 about acting together in hopes of doing the same without, again, negotiating some specific commitment."

His comments will heighten speculation that the summit might result in vague statements of shared principles or aspirations, rather than a hard and fast plan for action to revive the global economy.

Luxembourg's prime minister, Jean-Claude Juncker, yesterday warned that Europe was wary of getting deeper into debt by embarking on further expensive stimulus programmes.

"The European recovery programme represents a spending level of 3.4% to 4% of GDP," he said.
"Our public finances are beginning to suffer, and we must take account of the effects these programmes will have in 2009 and 2010 before we undertake additional spending."

The size of the challenge facing the British Government in bringing together world powers was emphasised in a candid admission by Britain’s most senior civil servant that it was proving “unbelievably difficult” to liaise with the Obama Administration to prepare for the meeting.

The whole point of the G20 meeting on April 2 burst into the open when Larry Summers, chief economic adviser to President Obama, called on other countries to follow America’s lead in pumping even more money into stimulus plans to revive the world economic system.

Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, saying a rising wave of protectionism by rich nations threatens the world's emerging economies, vowed to lobby the U.S. to adopt a free-trade deal with Colombia even though it could hurt some of his own country's exports to the U.S.

Mr. da Silva was sharply critical of recent protectionist measures by nations that normally promote free trade. One example: the "Buy American" clause included in the latest U.S. stimulus package approved in Congress, even though it was modified to make sure the U.S. complies with international trade rules.
He warned that the global financial crisis threatens to pinch off growth that was reducing poverty in poor nations, and called for financial aid and other measures to prevent the further spread of crisis effects. "We can't accept the idea that for the irresponsibility of bankers, and the irresponsibility of a few leaders, who didn't regulate, that the rest of the world ends up stuck with the bill, and above all its poorest," he said.

Brazil is an unlikely advocate for more open trade. Expensive import tariffs make many goods, from computers to automobiles, too expensive for the average Brazilian. Brazil resisted U.S. efforts to bind the Western hemisphere in a giant free trade agreement, arguing that the U.S. terms were too tough on Latin American trading partners. The country, however, is now pushing to revive stalled World Trade Organization talks for a global trade deal.

Mr. da Silva's arguments underscore how radically the financial crisis is changing the outlook of even nations that appear to be surviving the downturn better than others. He said he believes Brazil will avoid recession this year, even as the U.S., Europe and Japan contract. But new data released on Tuesday showed the Brazilian economy slowing fast -- growing a meager 1.3% during the last three months of 2008 compared to the same quarter of the previous year.

Protectionism can seem beneficial at first," he said. "But in the long term, it wounds countries, above all the poor countries, which need to sell their goods to the rich countries in the global economy."

EUOBSERVER / BRUSSELS - Europe's biggest banks are happy to do business with corrupt regimes in Africa and Central Asia, according to a new report by UK-based NGO, Global Witness.
As late as November 2007, Barclays in Paris held a private account for Teodorin Obiang, the study says. A scion of the ruling family in Equitorial Guinea, Mr Obiang in the past 10 years spent €4.5 million on sports cars even as 20 percent of children die before their fifth birthday due to poverty in the oil-rich country.

A €1.2 million Bugatti Veyron: Teodorin Obiang bought three. The cost of less than one of the cars could buy a mosquito net for every child in the malaria-prone country

Until March 2007, BNP Paribas was involved in billions of euros of syndicated loans to the Angola ruling elite-linked oil firm Sonangol, Global Witness writes.

Deutsche Bank has still not made clear to the NGO what happened to the €2 billion or so of Turkmenistan's natural gas income, which it was holding for the country's notoriously cruel dictator, Saparmurat Niyazov, when he died in January 2007.

"The international banking system is complicit in helping to perpetuate poverty, corruption, conflict, human suffering and misery," the Global Witness paper says.

Coming ahead of the G20 finance summit in London on 2 April and in a climate of hostility to big bank secrecy caused by the financial crisis, the report calls for regulation of bank dealings with "PEPs" (politically-exposed persons) and a name-and-shame campaign by FATF (the Financial Action Task Force).

The Paris-based FATF is a little-known international anti-money laundering body with 34 members, including 15 of the richest EU states and the European Commission.
Of 10 EU states surveyed which are also FATF members, none complied with the body's full set of recommendations on issues such as making money laundering illegal or forcing banks to carry out enhanced due diligence on PEP-type clients.
Global Witness' paper, Undue Diligence, reads like a roll call of the most respectable financial institutions in Europe.

HSBC and Banco Santander are named in connection to the Obiang family. Credit Lyonnais allegedly helped Gabonese President Omar Bongo place funds abroad. Societe Generale is said to have done similar work for the ruling family of Congo-Brazzaville.

Fortis bank is accused of helping the former ruler of Liberia, Charles Taylor, fund conflict in east Africa by processing payments for government-linked timber firms.

The list of banks implicated in the Angola loans includes Commerzbank, KBC, the Royal Bank of Scotland, ING and Standard Chartered.

"If banks cannot identify the ultimate beneficial owner of the funds ...and if they cannot identify a natural person (not a legal entity) who does not pose a corruption risk, they must not accept the customer as a client," the NGO said.

An article which appeared on 8 March on a Turkmenistan opposition website, the Chronicles of Turkmenistan, broadens the debate.

The story points the finger at French construction company Bouygues for allegedly giving current President Gurbanguly Berdymukahemmedov an €80,000 Mitsubishi Evolution X while bidding for contracts for a new airport building and palace complex.

Gordon Brown's focus on "red herring" issues such as bank bonuses and tax havens risks turning next month's summit of the Group of 20 nations into a catastrophe that fails to deal with the recession, the CBI employers' group has warned.
Martin Broughton, CBI president and British Airways chairman, said the London summit should focus on a global stimulus and undertakings to resist protectionism.
The prime minister and Lord Mandelson, business secretary, host a meeting of business organisations from the G20 countries at Downing Street next week. Mr Brown has called for regulations "to outlaw shadow banking systems and offshore tax havens".

But Mr Broughton told the Financial Times it would be "nothing short of a catastrophe, when you've got an opportunity to make a difference, that you get bogged down" in issues that were "totally irrelevant" to resolving the current crisis.

It also emerged Mr Brown was struggling to organise the summit. The UK's top civil servant said on Monday that it was hard to find anyone to speak to at the US Treasury. Sir Gus O'Donnell blamed the "absolute madness" of the US system where a new administration had to hire officials from scratch.

The CBI president said tackling the recession must be the priority. He backed a call by Law-rence Summers, Barack Obama's chief economic adviser, for the world to pump more money into the economy and said Germany, Japan and China "need to show the leadership because they are not showing it at the moment".

Mr Broughton urged Alistair Darling, chancellor, to safeguard jobs in the Budget, noting the UK's fiscal stimuluslooked "pretty small" beside the US's.

Transatlantic tensions suggest that there will be no grand bargain at April's G20 summit

At least there is no danger of interminable drift when leaders of the Group of 20 gather in London next month to address the worst economic crisis since the 1930s. They have set themselves just one day, April 2nd, to do what their predecessors failed to accomplish in weeks: tackle the crisis and consider ways to remake the rules of finance

The tensions were exposed at an assembly of European finance ministers on March 9th and 10th. The ministers responded sharply to a call by Lawrence Summers, the White House economic adviser, for everyone in the G20 to focus on boosting global demand. Such calls were “not to our liking,” sniped Jean-Claude Juncker, Luxembourg’s prime minister and the chairman of the meeting. The cause of harmony may not have been helped when Britain’s most senior civil servant was quoted as saying the shortage of staff in Barack Obama’s two-month-old Treasury was making preparations for the summit “unbelievably difficult”. (Tim Geithner, the treasury secretary, disputes that.)

In reality, the tensions appeared more symptomatic of the opening of bargaining than of a disastrous rift. The G20’s agenda focuses on three broad areas: sorting out the crisis through fiscal and monetary means and by encouraging banks to lend; medium-term regulatory reforms; and strengthening multilateral bodies such as the IMF so that they can give more help to crisis-hit developing countries. Everyone has different priorities.

America feels its counterparts are not doing enough to boost demand. It would like them to pledge a fiscal stimulus equal to 2% of global GDP this year and next, and for the IMF to monitor compliance. Some countries would also like the European Central Bank to make better use of its monetary arsenal, as the Federal Reserve and the Bank of England have.
America has indeed done a lot to stimulate growth. The IMF, however, notes that taking into account automatic stabilisers, such as welfare payments to the unemployed, Germany’s fiscal response is not as far behind America’s as it appears. Not only does Germany feel its spending package is big enough, it is pressing for a quick return to balanced budgets when the crisis is over.

Although transatlantic differences have emerged over fiscal policy, they are narrowing over regulation. Germany and France have long battled to persuade America and Britain to regulate hedge funds, which are clustered in the financial centres of New York and London. America is now prepared to countenance regulation of systemically important ones.

sources:The Economist ,Simon Johnson,Andrew Sparrow ,,Martin Wolf ,Malloch Brown

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As's science editor, Alan Boyle runs a virtual curiosity shop of the physical sciences and space exploration, plus paleontology, archaeology and other ologies that strike his fancy. Since joining in 1996, Boyle has won awards from the National Academies, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the National Association of Science Writers, the Society of Professional Journalists, the Space Frontier Foundation, the Pirelli Relativity Challenge and the CMU Cybersecurity Journalism Awards program. He is the author of "The Case for Pluto," a contributor to "A Field Guide for Science Writers," the blogger behind Cosmic Log: Bacteria can walk on 'legs' — and an occasional talking head on the MSNBC cable channel. During his 33 years of daily journalism in Cincinnati, Spokane and Seattle, he’s survived a hurricane, a volcanic eruption, a total solar eclipse and an earthquake. He has faith he'll survive the Internet as well.

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